Advanced First-aid Instructions for Miners: A Report on Standardization

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Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, 1917 - First aid in illness and injury - 154 pages
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Page 34 - ... must not be violent, lest the internal organs be injured. The lower part of the chest and also the abdomen are thus compressed and air is forced out of the lungs. Now, immediately swing back slowly so as to remove the pressure, but leave your hands in place, thus returning to the original position.
Page 33 - Kneel straddling the subject's thighs, and facing his head ; rest the palms of your hands on the loins (on the muscles of the small of the back), with fingers spread over the lowest ribs, as in Fig.
Page 34 - This operation, which should take from two to three seconds, must not be violent — internal organs may be. injured. The lower part of the chest and also the abdomen are thus compressed, and air is forced out of the lungs.
Page 34 - With arms held straight, swing forward slowly, so that the weight of your body is gradually brought to bear upon the patient. The shoulder should be directly over the heel of the hand at the end of the forward swing. Do not bend your elbows. This operation should take about two seconds.
Page 33 - If the person is thin, prepare a pad of folded clothing, or blankets, and place it under the lower part of his chest. Do not make this pad too thick. Do not wait to loosen the victim's clothing, but begin artificial respiration without delay. An assistant may remove all tight clothing from the victim's neck...
Page 124 - SUNSTROKE Sunstroke is caused by prolonged exposure to the direct rays of the sun or to excessive heat indoors. The symptoms come on rather suddenly and are as follows : The patient is always unconscious. His face is red and flushed. His skin is hot and dry. No perspiration whatsoever is present. The patient's breathing is labored and of a snoring character. The pupils of his eyes are enlarged. His pulse is slow and full. The necessary treatment required is to reduce the temperature of the body as...
Page 24 - The nerves are round white cords consisting of nerve fibers, which form connections between the centers and the ends of the nerves. The fibers transmit nervous impulses and are of two kinds, according to the function that they perform.
Page 54 - ... opposite armpit. Then bring the arm down and secure it firmly to the chest wall by a cravat bandage passed around the arm and chest and tied securely on the opposite side. Place forearm in a sling made of an open triangular bandage. (See fig.
Page 141 - BULLETIN 17. A primer on explosives for coal miners, by CE Munroe and Clarence Hall. 61 pp., 10 pis., 12 figs. Reprint of United States Geological Survey Bulletin 423. BULLETIN 20. The explosibility of coal dust, by GS Rice, with chapters by JCW Frazier, Axel Larsen, Frank Haas, and Carl Scholz.
Page 23 - The outside of the lungs is protected from air pressure by the walls of the chest. The air pressure on the inside of the lungs expands them until they fill the entire chest cavity. If any air gets through the chest wall, or if the wall of the lung is pierced so that the air from the outside can communicate with the pleural sac, the lungs shrink, because the air pressure is equalized on the outside and inside of the chest cavity. The blood is readily purified in the lungs because only a very delicate...

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