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THE SECOND ORDER PLL DEMODULATOR
HIGHER ORDER PLL DEMODULATORS
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Akima analytical approximation assumed Balodis band-dividing baseband Block diagram Bode filter Chapter characterize circuit criterion cycle slippage derived detector characteristic distortion error envelope detector FCF demodulator FCF threshold filter bank filter outputs FM signal gaussian i-f bandwidth input noise input SNR linear model loop design loop filter loop gain loop noise lowpass filter maximum likelihood estimator mean-square phase model of Fig modulation index noise error nonlinear operation operational amplifier optimized optimum demodulator order PLL demodulator output SNR phase error phase noise phase transfer model phase-locked Phase-Locked Loop PLL threshold PLL2 PLL3 plot pull-in range pull-m pulse sawtooth detector sawtooth phase detector second order loop second order PLL shown in Fig sinusoidal detector sinusoidal modulation sinusoidal phase detector spectrum statistical independence statistics tanlock techniques third order loop threshold error threshold improvement capabilities threshold performance total error total mean-square error transfer function VCO output yields