Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery, Volume 31

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Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 28, 2006 - Medical - 290 pages
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This series, sponsored by the European Association of Neurosurgical Societies, has already become a classic. In general, one volume is published per year. The Advances section presents fields of neurosurgery and related areas in which important recent progress has been made. The Technical Standards section features detailed descriptions of standard procedures to assist young neurosurgeons in their post-graduate training. The contributions are written by experienced clinicians and are reviewed by all members of the Editorial Board.
 

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Contents

Laser
155
SuctionCutting Grotenhuis Device
157
Dilatation of the Stoma
158
Grasping or Biopsy Forceps
159
Decq Forceps
160
Indications
161
Primary Aqueductal Stenosis
162
Pathogenesis of Hydrocephalus in Patients With Aqueductal Stenosis
163

Gene Transfer Vectors
15
Viral Gene Transfer Vectors
17
Adenoviruses
18
NonViral Vectors
19
Ethics
20
Concluding Remarks
21
Anatomy of the Orbit and its Surgical Approach
34
Introduction
36
The Orbital Fascia or Periorbita Fig 2
38
Orbital Contents
39
Orbital Muscles Fig 3
40
The Arteries of the Orbit Figs 46
42
Veins of the Orbit
47
Nerves of the Orbit Figs 10 11
48
Lacrimal Gland
55
Approach Routes to the Orbit
56
The Lateral Approach Route
57
Osteoplastic Techniques
58
The Superior Approach Route
60
The Hybrid LateralSuperior Approach
63
Discussion
66
Conclusion
69
Neurosurgical Concepts and Approaches for Orbital Tumours
73
Abstract
74
Historical Perspective
75
Aetiologies
76
Main Orbital Tumours Occurring in Adulthood
77
Optic Sheath Meningioma Fig 2
80
Schwannoma Neurilemoma
81
Plexiform Neurofibromas Fig 4
84
Orbital Vascular Lesions 5
86
Primitive Bone Tumours
87
Sarcomas 19 21
90
Leukaemia and Orbital Lymphoproliferative Disorders
92
Epidermoid Cysts ECs Fig 8
93
The Lateral IntraOrbital Approach Fig 10
97
The Optic Nerve Approach
99
Gliomas of the Optic Nerve
103
Frontopterional Approach of the Orbit
105
Problems of Orbital Reconstruction
109
The Orbital Rim
110
Surgery in the Case of Fibrous Dysplasia FD
112
Conclusions
113
Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy in the Treatment of Hydrocephalus in Pediatric Patients
118
Abstract
121
Ventricular Anatomy
124
Neuroendoscopic Ventricular Anatomy
126
Anatomy of the Frontal Horn of the Lateral Ventricles and of the Foramen of Monro KeyPoints for Endoscopic Orientation
127
Endoscopic Ventricular Anatomy Variations
129
Modern Neuroendoscopic Instrumentation
133
Steerable Fiberscopes
135
Rigid Fiberscopes
140
Rigid Rod Lens Endoscopes
141
The Videoscope
145
Camera and Monitor
147
Illumination
149
Neuronavigation and Stereotaxy
150
Operative Instruments
152
Decq Forceps
154
Analysis of Results of ETV in Patients With Primary and Secondary Aqueductal Stenosis
164
Hydrocephalus in Posterior Cranial Fossa Tumors
167
Hydrocephalus With Possible Subarachnoid Spaces Impairment
168
Pathogenesis
169
Results of ETV in Infants and Children With Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus
170
Postinfectious Hydrocephalus
171
Results of ETV in Infants and Children With Postinfectious Hydrocephalus
173
Pathogenesis
174
Results of ETV in Children With Hydrocephalus and DandyWalker Syndrome
175
Pathogenesis
176
Results of ETV in Myelomeningocele Patients
177
Analysis of Outcome
178
Early Results
179
ICP Monitoring
180
Neuroradiological Evaluation
181
ICP Monitoring and Management of Increased ICP During the Adaptation Period
186
Late Results
189
ReObstruction of the Stoma
196
Intellectual Outcome
197
Complications
198
Hemorrhages
199
Neurological Disorders
201
Hypothalamic and Neurovegetative Disfunction
203
Other Complications
204
References
205
Minimally Invasive Procedures for the Treatment of Failed Back Surgery Syndrome
221
Abstract
222
Prevalence and Cost
223
Diagnostic Process in Chronic Low Back Pain
224
Physical Examination
225
Radiological Findings
226
Minimally Invasive Approaches Diagnostic Procedures for Low Back Pain
227
Medial Branch Blocks
230
Minimally Invasive Approaches Diagnostic Procedures for Leg Pain
231
TransForaminal Diagnostic Injections
232
Minimally Invasive Treatments for Low Back Pain
234
IntraDiscalElectroTherapy IDET
235
Medial Branch RadioFrequency Lesionning
236
Minimally Invasive Treatments for Leg Pain
237
Percutaneous Epidural Neuroplasty Racz Procedure and Epiduroscopy
238
Spinal Cord Stimulation
239
Intrathecal Medications
243
Conclusions and Future
245
References
247
Surgical Anatomy of Calvarial Skin and Bones With Particular Reference to Neurosurgical Approaches
253
Introduction
254
Vasculature of the Scalp Figs 27
256
Arteries
258
Occipital Artery OA
260
Posterior Auricular Artery
261
The Posterior Branch of the Second Cervical Nerve
264
Important Points to Remember
265
The Bony Labyrinth the Facial Nerve and the Petrous Segment of the Carotid Artery
266
The Key Surface Structures Figs 14 to 16
268
Venous Sinus Relationships to Surface Landmarks of the Skull
269
Conclusion
270
References
271
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