Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery, Volume 24

Front Cover
F. Cohadon, V. V. Dolenc, J. Lobo Antunes
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 21, 1998 - Medical - 314 pages
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As an addition to the European postgraduate training system for young neurosurgeons we began to publish in 1974 this series of Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery which was later sponsored by the European Association of Neurosurgical Societies. This series was first discussed in 1972 at a combined meeting of the Italian and German Neurosurgical Societies in Taormina, the founding fathers of the series being Jean Brihaye, Bernard Pertuiset, Fritz Loew and Hugo Krayenbiihl. Thus were established the principles of European co operation which have been born from the European spirit, flourished in the European Association, and have throughout been associated with this series. The fact that the English language is well on the way to becoming the international medium at European scientific conferences is a great asset in terms of mutual understanding. Therefore we have decided to publish all contributions in English, regardless of the native language of the authors. All contributions are submitted to the entire editorial board before publi cation of any volume. Our series is not intended to compete with the publications of original scientific papers in other neurosurgical journals. Our intention is, rather, to present fields of neurosurgery and related areas in which important recent advances have been made. The contributions are written by specialists in the given fields and constitute the first part of each volume.
 

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Contents

Introductory Remarks
4
Brodmann Area 25
6
The Precommissural Septum
7
Cholinergic Cell Groups
8
Noncholinergic Neurotransmitters
10
Major Fiber Tracts Traversing the Septal Region
11
Arterial Territories within the Septal Area
12
Branches of the ACoA
13
73 Neuroangiography Suite and Equipment
177
74 Neuroangiographic Investigation
178
75 Selection of Cervical Artery or Arteries for Intracranial Navigation
179
76 Endovascular Microinstrumentation for Catheterization of Brain A VMs
180
77 Superselective Exploration of Brain A VMs
181
78 Embolic Materials Used for Embolization of Brain AVMs
183
Applications and Goals of Endovascular Treatment of Brain AVMs
185
82 Preradiostcrgical Embolization
188

The Septal Region in Animal Research
14
Electrical Stimulation of the Medial Septum
15
Septal Lesions and Cognition
16
Lesions of Fiber Tracts Traversing the Septal Region
17
The Septal Region in Human Research
19
Neurosurgical Outcome Studies
20
Neuropsychological Case Studies
23
Anterior Fornical Lesions
30
Conclusions
31
References
32
Introduction
41
Perfusion and Oxygen Metabolism
43
Glucose Metabolism
44
Amino Acids Uptake
47
Nucleic Acids Metabolism
48
Miscellaneous Parameters
49
3 Receptor Studies
50
4 Polyamine Metabolism
51
The Contribution of PET to Clinical Neurooncology
52
2 To Define the Prognosis
53
3 To Predict and Assess the Response to Therapy
56
4 To Differentiate Between Tumor Recurrency and Other Late Processes
57
Conclusions Specificity of PET and Alternative Methods
60
2 NMRS
62
Acknowledgements
63
Introduction
78
Image Acquisition and Registration
79
Frameless Methods
80
Curve and Surface Methods
81
The Surgical Planning Process
83
Planning the Surgical Approach
84
Planning Simulation
86
Issues Related to Surgical Planning
87
Surgical Planning and Simulation
88
Intraoperative Display and Guidance
91
Intraoperative Digitization
94
Passive Systems
95
Sonic Digitizers
99
Electromagnetic Digitizers
100
Optical Digitizers
101
The Wayne State University System
103
Machine Visionbased Methods
104
Robots and the Surgical Microscope
106
The Grenoble Robotized Microscope Support System MSS and Surgiscope
107
Epilepsy Surgery
110
Resection of Vascular Malformations
115
Spinal Applications
117
Discussion
121
Conclusion
124
Editorial Comment
128
Introduction and Historical Perspective
132
Epidemiology Clinical Presentation and Natural History of Brain AVMs
134
Patients and Methods
136
Topographic Classification of Brain AVMs
138
Angioarchitecture of Brain AVMs
141
51 Feeding Arteries
142
52 Arterial HighFlow Angiopathy in Brain AVMs
157
53 The Nidus of Brain AVMs and its Angioarchitecture
162
54 Draining Veins
170
55 Associated Venous Findings and Venous HighFlow Angiopathy
171
Indications for Endovascular Treatment
173
Technical Aspects
176
83 Palliative Embolization
189
84 Postoperative and Postradiosurgical Embolization
190
85 Curative Embolization
191
Results of Endovascular Treatment of Brain AVMs
197
Complications of Endovascular Treatment of Brain AVMs
198
Summary and Conclusions
202
Acknowledgements
204
Cerebral Arteries
216
Dissecting Aneurysms
217
Dimensions and Measurements of Intracranial Aneurysms
221
Location
222
Clinical Presentation and Incidence
223
Age and Sex
228
Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Sacrifice of the Arterial Axis
229
Description of the GDC
230
1 Circular Memory
231
2 Diameter of the Coil
233
4 Length
234
Electrothrombosis
235
Electrolysis
236
Patient Preparation
237
Aneurysm Treatment
238
Results of Treatment
247
Complications
249
2 Aneurysm Rebleeding
250
Morbidmortality Rates
251
Further Development of the GDC System
252
Conclusions
254
References
255
Life with Benign Intracranial Hypertension
262
Definition and Historial Aspects
263
Incidence
264
32 Visual Field Studies
265
33 Miscellaneous Symptoms
266
34 Signs Early Papilloedema
267
Associated Fundal Abnormalities
268
Fluorescein Angiography
269
The Prognosis of Papilloedema
270
Pathophysiology of Papilloedema
271
42 CSF Studies
273
43 Haematology
274
Pathophysiology of Raised CSF Pressure in BIH
278
62 Cerebral Blood Volume
280
63 Increased CSF Volume
281
631 Hypersecretion
282
632 Reduced CSF Absorption
283
Management
284
71 Initial Assessment
285
72 Pregnancy
286
73 The Evidence for Therapeutic Efficacy
287
76 Serial Lumbar Punctures
288
77 Drug Therapy Diuretics Acetazolamide and Digoxin
289
Corticosteroids
290
78 Surgery Indications
291
Subtemporal Decompression
292
Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration
293
Techniques
294
Results Including Long Term Follow up
295
Mechanism of Effect of Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration
296
References
297
Subject Index
307
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