Advances in Agent-Based Complex Automated Negotiations

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Takayuki Ito, Minjie Zhang, Valentin Robu, Shaheen Fatima, Tokuro Matsuo
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 14, 2009 - Computers - 216 pages
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Complex Automated Negotiations have been widely studied and are becoming an important, emerging area in the field of Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. In general, automated negotiations can be complex, since there are a lot of factors that characterize such negotiations. These factors include the number of issues, dependency between issues, representation of utility, negotiation protocol, negotiation form (bilateral or multi-party), time constraints, etc. Software agents can support automation or simulation of such complex negotiations on the behalf of their owners, and can provide them with adequate bargaining strategies. In many multi-issue bargaining settings, negotiation becomes more than a zero-sum game, so bargaining agents have an incentive to cooperate in order to achieve efficient win-win agreements. Also, in a complex negotiation, there could be multiple issues that are interdependent. Thus, agent’s utility will become more complex than simple utility functions. Further, negotiation forms and protocols could be different between bilateral situations and multi-party situations. To realize such a complex automated negotiati on, we have to incorporate advanced Artificial Intelligence technologies includes search, CSP, graphical utility models, Bays nets, auctions, utility graphs, predicting and learning methods. Applications could include e-commerce tools, decisionmaking support tools, negotiation support tools, collaboration tools, etc.

These issues are explored by researchers from different communities in Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent systems. They are, for instance, being studied in agent negotiation, multi-issue negotiations, auctions, mechanism design, electronic commerce, voting, secure protocols, matchmaking & brokering, argumentation, and co-operation mechanisms. This book is also edited from some aspects of negotiation researches including theoretical mechanism design of trading based on auctions, allocation mechanism based on negotiation among multi-agent, case-study and analysis of automated negotiations, data engineering issues in negotiations, and so on.

 

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Contents

The Prediction of Partners Behaviors in Selfinterested Agents
1
Sequential Auctions for Common Value Objects with Budget Constrained Bidders
21
A Comparative Study of Argumentation and ProposalBased Negotiation
39
A ThirdParty Model for Bilateral Multiissue Negotiations under Incomplete Information
60
Using Clustering Techniques to Improve Fuzzy Constraint Based Automated Purchase Negotiations
89
A Bayesian Process for Preference Observation in Multiattribute Negotiations
119
Designing RiskAverse Bidding Strategies in Sequential Auctions for Transportation Orders
138
CPNBased State Analysis and Prediction for Multiagent Scheduling and Planning
161
Adaptive Commitment Management Strategy Profiles for Concurrent Negotiations
177
Analyses of Task Allocation Based on Credit Constraints
197
Author Index
216
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