Advances in Biometrics: Sensors, Algorithms and Systems

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Springer Science & Business Media, 2008 - Computers - 503 pages
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Biometrics technology continues to stride forward with its wider acceptance and its real need in various new security facets of modern society. From simply logging on to a laptop to crossing the border of a country, biometrics is being called upon to meet the growing challenges of identity management.

With contributions from academia and industry by leading international authorities in the field, this unique book presents a comprehensive treatment of biometrics and offers coverage of the entire gamut of topics in the field, including data acquisition, pattern-matching algorithms, and issues that impact at the system level, such as standards, security, networks, and databases. It has been organized under three sections: sensors, advances in biometric matching algorithms, and topics that deal with issues at the systems level.

Key features:

• Includes new algorithmic advances, including physiological biometrics (face from video, iris at a distance) and behavioral (handwriting, voice) and a strikingly novel modality in headprint biometrics

• Contains new modalities for research, such as infrared and multispectral imaging

• Presents several chapters on the much overlooked area relating to the sensors themselves for the various biometric modalities

• Emphasizes the advances and cutting-edge technologies throughout

• Discusses systems level both from a human-factors point of view and the perspective of networking, databases, privacy and anti-spoofing

• Incorporates chapters devoted to touchless image capture, ultrasonic imaging and swipe methods

Written for researchers and advanced students, this much needed concise volume is an ideal tool to use as a ready reference and captures the very latest in state-of-the-art research, providing readers with a broader and deeper understanding of the topic.

Dr Nalini K. Ratha is a Research Staff Member at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, New York. He co-edited the successful Automatic Fingerprint Recognition Systems and also co-authored A Guide to Biometrics Selection and System Design

Professor Venu Govindaraju is Director at the Center for Unified Biometrics and Sensors (CUBS), University at Buffalo, State University of New York.

 

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Contents

Multispectral Fingerprint Image Acquisition
3
Touchless Fingerprinting Technology 25
24
A SingleLine AC Capacitive Fingerprint Swipe Sensor
49
Ultrasonic Fingerprint Sensors
63
Finger Vein Authentication Technology
89
Iris Recognition in Less Constrained Environments
107
Simultaneous Capture
132
Face Recognition Beyond the Visible Spectrum
157
HeadprintBased Human Recognition
287
Pose and Illumination Issues in Face
307
SVDDBased Face Reconstruction
323
Strategies for Improving Face Recognition
338
LargePopulation Face Recognition LPFR
363
Fingerprint Synthesis and Spoof Detection 385
384
MatchonCard for Secure
407
Privacy and Security Enhancements in Biometrics
423

VoiceBased Speaker Recognition Combining Acoustic
182
FunctionBased Online Signature Verification
225
Writer Identification and Verification 247
246
Improved Iris Recognition Using Probabilistic Information
265
Adaptive Biometric Systems That
446
Biometrics Standards
473
Index 491
490
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About the author (2008)

Dr Nalini K. Ratha is a Research Staff Member at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York. His current research interests include biometrics, computer vision, pattern recognition and special purpose architecture for computer vision systems. He leads the biometrics research effort in the area of enhancing security of biometrics systems and performance evaluation of biometrics systems. He has co-edited a book entitled "Automatic Fingerprint Recognition Systems" published by Springer and co-authored a book entitled "A guide to Biometrics Selection and System design" published by Springer in 2003. He was also general co-chair of IEEE AutoID 02 and SPIE Conf. on Biometrics in Human Identification 2004. He has received several patent awards and a "Research Division" award at IBM.

He received his Ph. D. from the Department of Computer Science at Michigan State University and B.Tech in Electrical Engineering and M. Tech in Computer science and Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He is a senior member of IEEE and co-chair of AutoID TC, IEEE Robotics and Automation Society.

Dr. Venu Govindaraju is a Professor of Computer Science and Engineering at the University at Buffalo (UB), State University of New York. He received his B-Tech (Honors) from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur, India in 1986, and his Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from UB in 1992.

Govindaraju has co-authored more than 200 scientific papers. He is the PI on current NSF sponsored projects on International Digital Libraries and Digital Government. He is the founding director of the Center for Unified Biometrics and Sensors (CUBS).

He serves on the editorial boards of the IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (B), the International Journal for Document Analysis and Recognition, The Journal of Pattern Analysis and Applications and The Journal of Pattern Recognition.