Advances in Construction Materials 2007

Front Cover
Christian U. Grosse
Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 14, 2007 - Technology & Engineering - 784 pages
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This book addresses one of the most important material categories: Materials used for constructions. A large percentage of the gross national product of most co- tries goes into infrastructure and buildings. This statement is true not only for the present but for most other periods in history, and for most cultures. This explains why understanding the behavior of construction materials has always been the - ject of intense investigations. The construction industry consumes extreme v- umes of material, and the growing demand for quality and safety require conti- ous improvement of materials and material compositions. A deep understanding of material behavior is essential to enable efficient construction: light-weight or heavily burdened structures ask for the development of innovative composites or new material compositions. Rapid economic growth and a dense and growing population require sensitive and sustainable use of resources. Finally efficient use of resources means extending the usage of existing structures, so non-destructive testing methods are needed to assess the safety and utility of these structures. Civil Engineers and Material Scientists from all over the world are openly d- cussing ideas for new materials, and for structural health monitoring. Over the last decade many innovations have come to fruition, primarily in the field of comp- ites but also for improving the design of existing material. This is especially true for concrete, perhaps the most used material in the world – broadening its range of applications and improving performance.
 

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Contents

Brief Review of the Scientific Work of Prof DrIng Hans W Reinhardt
1
Towards a better visibility of outstanding research
14
PartI Aspects of Structural Engineering
21
in structural fastening technology
23
and their Application with Numerical Methods
31
Interaction between research codes and applications
39
Ultrahigh performance concrete for the roof of a research hot water storage
48
Numerical modelling of campocket coupling systems for concrete lining
57
Moisture Transport in Concrete Field Tests and Hygrothermal Simulations
405
Impact of FreezeThaw Degradation on FRPConcrete Interface Fracture
419
Effective chloride barrier for reinforced concrete structures in order to extend the servicelife
427
of Fresh Concrete
438
which differences between mortars and concretes?
441
Mechanical properties of cement mortars with superabsorbent polymers
450
Formwork Pressure of Concretes with high Workability
463
Modern statistical methods for accessing the hardening process of concrete
471

Uncertainty models for safety assessment of textile reinforced concrete structures
67
Structural design of a large foundation slab close to reality stiffness oriented design method CTD
75
Steel castings in architecture and engineering
83
Loadbearing and deformation behaviour of concrete beams reinforced in combination of both steel bars and bars made of glass fibre reinforced plast...
109
Part II Fiber Composites
117
Mechanical and Fracture Mechanical Properties of Fine Grained Concrete for TRC Structures
118
Enriched finite element representation of 2D multicracking and debonding in textile reinforced concrete
131
Fracture properties of highstrength hybrid fiberreinforced concrete
139
Textile Reinforced Concrete A new Composite Material
147
Viscoelastic behavior of a strain hardening Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete
157
of PolymerModified and FibreReinforced HighPerformance Concrete
165
Bond Cracking and Tension Stiffening Properties of a Deformed Bar Embedded in HPFRCC
173
Historical evolution since the 1960
181
UHPFRC protection layer on the crash barrier walls of a bridge
203
Scale effect and combined loading of thin UHPFRC members
211
is there a synergetic effect?
219
Ultra high performance fibre reinforced cement composite under dynamic loading
229
An Experimental Study on Bending Behavior of Cementitious Composites Reinforced in Combination with Carbon Textile and ShortCut PVA Fiber
236
Repair Materials and Strengthening Methods
252
Performance of concrete patch repair systems
253
Repair of cracked reinforced concrete by injection after accidental loading
263
Seismic strengthening of piers with partial use of high ductility cement
269
Sprayed GFRP shearstrengthened reinforced concrete Beams under Impact Loading
279
Part IV High Temperature and Fire Resistance
287
High Strength Fiber Composites for fabricating fireresistant wood with improved mechanical properties
288
of SFRC at high temperatures
299
Modifications of material properties due to elevated temperatures
307
Part V Corrosion and Durability
315
Influence of cyclic loading on the degradation of mechanical concrete properties
316
A material model for creep and fatigue applied to asphalt
325
Simulation of the cyclic loading and damage behavior of gypsum composites
335
Superabsorbent Polymers An Additive to Increase the FreezeThaw Resistance of High Strength Concrete
350
Corrosion products pressure needed to crack the concrete cover
359
Failure mechanisms in fatigue of high strength steel wires for cableconstructions
371
Material behaviour
381
Modelling and exposure to outdoor weathering
389
Stress corrosion cracking mechanism of prestressing steels in bicarbonate solutions
397
Virtual concrete laboratory Continuous numerical modelling of concrete from fresh to the hardened state
479
Detection of earlyage cracking due to restrained autogenous shrinkage
489
Ultrasonic and calorimetric measurements on fresh concrete with blastfurnace slag
497
Fresh concrete pressure in diaphragm wall panels and resulting deformations
505
SCC and UHPC Effect of Mixing Technology on Fresh Concrete Properties
513
Analytical model for hydration of blended cement
523
Nucleation and growth of CSH phases on mineral admixtures
530
Improving the slipform process via material manipulation
539
Part VII Nondestructive Testing Methods and Applications
547
Sensing methods in civil engineering for an efficient construction management
549
Fast NonDestructive Localisation of Prestressing Steel Fractures in PostTensioned Concrete Bridges
562
New Possibilities for Ultrasonic Imaging of Concrete Elements
575
The integration of nondestructive testing and probabilistic fracture mechanics
583
Advances in the insitu assessment of construction materials
591
Detection and analysis of microcracks in highperformance cementitious materials
607
for Rebar Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete
615
OnlineMonitoring of Thermal Restraint Stresses for a Railways Trough Structure due to the Coupling of Trough and Underwater Concrete Slab
622
Radar and Fusion for Concrete Elements
631
Inspection of Prestressed Concrete Members using the Magnetic Leakage Flux Measurement Method Estimation of Detection Limit
639
Part VIII Environment and Sustainability
650
Abatement of Acid Mine Drainage Using Industrial Waste Products
651
Finely Ground Sand Fraction of Concrete Rubble as a Supplementary Cementitious Material
667
Numerical Simulation of AirSteam Leakage Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Walls
674
Sustainable building with concrete a holistic approach along the LifeCycle
683
Dangerous Substances in Building Materials Emissions from PCB Coated Ceiling Panels Polychlorinated Biphenyls PCB in Indoor Air
691
structural design of floor slabs with concrete elements and aluminium foam
697
Reduction of the Penetration of WaterHazardous Liquids into Concrete using Silica Fume and Polymer Dispersions
711
Part IX Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Materials
720
by Algebraic Formulas and Artificial Neural Networks
723
Effects of a clay additive on the properties of noslump concrete
731
Development of thermal insulation materials with granular phase change composite
740
Examination of the relation between tensileflexural strength and compressive strength of autoclaved aerated concrete according to prEN 12602
749
Modern perspectives on aggregate in concrete
757
Research developments and experimental data on dynamic concrete behaviour
765
Index
775
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About the author (2007)

PrivDoz Dr.-Ing. Christian U. Große, born 1961, studied Geophysics at the University of Karlsruhe (TH) and earned his Ph.D. in 1996 in Civil Engineering at the University of Stuttgart followed by his Habilitation in 2005 at the same place. He is University lecturer (Privatdozent) at the University of Stuttgart and head of the Department of "Non-destructive testing and monitoring techniques" at the Material Testing Institute MPA, University of Stuttgart. Currently, he has published more than 180 scientific papers at international journals and conferences. His research interest include the application and development of non-destructive testing methods (ultrasound, acoustic emission, impact-echo, vibration and modal analysis, Radar, optical methods) as well as structural health monitoring using wireless sensor networks.

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