Advances in Cross-National Comparison: A European Working Book for Demographic and Socio-economic Variables

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Jürgen H.P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik, Christof Wolf
Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 28, 2003 - Business & Economics - 413 pages
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As the European Union grows together we are faced with an increasing number of European surveys and statistics that rely on national instruments or questionnaires. We lack valid instruments with functional equivalence that allow international comparative analysis. This problem is especially important in the case of demographic and socio-economic variables. The usual practice in comparative social research is to work with national questionnaires and classifications thereby making meaningful comparisons questionable. To overcome these problems this book offers rules of comparison, tested instruments and examples for the measurements of basic demographic and socio-economic variables.

The book consists of five parts and a concluding chapter. Part 1 covers general problems and presents solutions for the harmonisation of data from different national and/or cultural contexts. In the second part EUROSTAT and ESOMAR present their established standard instruments. Tested instruments each covering one variable (i.e. occupation, education) are presented in the third part. The fourth part again includes suggested tools for the harmonisation of single variables for which standardised instruments are not yet available (i.e. age, religion, ethnicity, household, family, income). The last part presents selected empirical analyses demonstrating the use and fruitfulness of instruments presented before.

This book is mainly written for two groups. First, researchers and practitioners involved in comparative research in Europe. Second, researchers working with data of the statistical offices of European countries and data from institutions of the European Union.

 

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Contents

Measuring Demographic and SocioEconomic Variables in CrossNational Research An Overview
1
Harmonising Demographic and SocioEconomic Variables Objectives
15
Harmonising Data in Official Statistics Development Procedures and Data Quality
17
The ISSP and its Approach to Background Variables
33
Harmonising Sampling Frames and Indicators in International Market Research A German Perspective
49
International Standards for Demographic and SocioEconomic Variables
65
Harmonisation of SocioEconomic Variables in EU Statistics
67
EUSILC Materials from the Pilot Study in 2002
86
Suggested Conventions for Selected Variables for Which Comparative Instruments Do Not Exist
257
How to Measure SexGender and Age
259
How to Measure Race and Ethnicity
267
How to Measure Household and Family
279
How to Measure New Work Situations
295
How to Measure Income
307
CrossCultural Comparisons Empirical Applications
325
Using CASMIN The Effect of Education on Wages in Britain and Germany
327

The ESOMAR Standard Demographic Classification
97
International Instruments for Selected Variables
123
International Classification of Status in Employment ICSE93
125
International Statistical Comparisons of Occupational and Social Structures
137
Three Internationally Standardised Measures for Comparative Research on Occupational Status
159
International Standard Classification of Education ISCED 1997
195
The CASMIN Educational Classification in International Comparative Research
221
The Classification of Education as a Sociological Background Characteristic
245
Education and Unemployment Risks among Market Entrants
345
The Validity of Income Measurements in Comparative Perspective NonResponses and Biases
367
Harmonising Demographic and Socioeconomic Variables Synthesis
387
Comparing Demographic and SocioEconomic Variables Across Nations Synthesis and Recommendations
389
Contributing Authors
407
Index
409
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