Advances in Medical Engineering

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Thorsten M. Buzug
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 19, 2007 - Technology & Engineering - 477 pages
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In this book, research and development trends of physics, engineering, mathematics and computer sciences in biomedical engineering are presented. Contributions from industry, clinics, universities and research labs with foci on medical imaging (CT, MRT, US, PET, SPECT etc.), medical image processing (segmentation, registration, visualization etc.), computer-assisted surgery (medical robotics, navigation), biomechanics (motion analysis, accident research, computer in sports, ergonomics etc.), biomedical optics (OCT, soft-tissue optics, optical monitoring etc.) and laser medicine (tissue ablation, gas analytics, topometry etc.) give insight to recent engineering, clinical and mathematical studies.

 

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Contents

Modelling and Imaging Electrophysiology and Contraction of the Heart
3
Medical Imaging
17
Influence of Corrections During Image Reconstruction on the Spatial Resolution of ClearPET Neuro
18
Dynamic Reconstruction for the ClearPET Neuro Using Temporal BSplines
25
Local Compensation for Respiratory Motion in Listmode PET
31
Hybrid Imaging with SPECTCT Presentation of 5 Cases
37
An Iterative Reconstruction Technique for Metal Artifact Reduction in CT Images
42
Comparative Analysis of SignalTime Courses Measured in Muscle Tissue
48
Biomechanics
264
Influence of Modern AboveKnee Prostheses on the Biomechanics of Gait
265
SpinalLoad Analysis of PatientTransfer Activities
273
Investigation of the Influence of Interbody Fusion on Biomechanics of the Cervical Spine Using a Computer Model
279
Design and Testing of an Autonomous Computer Controlled Loading Device to Study Tissue Adaptation around Immediately Loaded Implants in th...
285
Numerical Simulation of the Biomechanical Properties of a Prefabricated Attachment System for Use in Prosthetic Dentistry
291
Experimental and Numerical Analysis of the Mobility of Immediately Loaded Dental Implants Using a Pig Model
297
Measuring System for the Comparative Ergonomic Study of Office Chairs
302

A Numerical Investigation of RF Heating Effects on Implants During MRI Compared to Experimental Measurements
53
Real Time Neuronavigation Using 3D Ultrasound and MRI in Patients with Brain Tumor
59
Vasodynamics of the Murine Arteria Saphena by Optical Coherence Tomography
64
An Imaging System in the Sub Millimeter Area
69
Mutual Attraction of Oscillating Microbubbles
75
A new Imaging Data Fusion System for Application in Neurosurgery and Multimodality Phantoms for System Evaluation
81
CCDVideo Endoscope Subjected to XRay
87
MRI Based Attenuation Correction for Brain PET Images
93
Integration of Functional Data PET into Brain Surgery Planning and Neuronavigation
98
Comparison of longT₂ Suppression Techniques for 3D Ultrashort EchoTime Imaging
104
Scatter Analysis of the ClearPET Neuro Using Monte Carlo Simulations
109
MultiModalityImaging for Radiosurgery Planning of Arteriovenous Malformations
115
Image Based Analysis of Bone Graft Samples made by 3D Printing Using Conventional and SynchrotronRadiationBased MicroComputed Tomography
121
SPECTCT in Maxillofacial Surgery
127
Medical Image Processing
131
High Performance 2D3DRegistration for Patient Positioning in Radiotherapy
133
Modelling Tumour Growth Patterns with NonRigid Image Registration
139
Segmentation and Navigation Support of Clinical Data Sets to Simulate the Bronchoscopy and Rhinoscopy
145
Analysis of Body Surfaces in a BodyFixed Coordinate System
151
Deconvolution of Medical Ultrasound Data with Consideration of the Pressure Field the Excitation Pulse and Focussing
157
Evaluation and Enhancement of a Procedure for Generating a 3D Bone Model Using Radiographs
163
Experiments and First Results
169
Stereoscopic 4DVisualization of Craniofacial Soft Tissue based on Dynamic MRI and 256 Row 4DCT
175
Analysis of TumorInfluenced Respiratory Dynamics Using Motion Artifact Reduced Thoracic 4D CT Images
181
A General Segmentation Technique for Voxel Images with Application in Medicine
187
An Algorithm for Automatic Stitching of CR Xray Images
193
Topology Correction in Brain Segmentation Using a Multiscale Algorithm
199
IntensityModulated Radiation Therapy Quality Assurance with the Mutual Information Index MI
205
Image Registration of Structural and Physiological MR Images of Abnormal Anatomy
211
ComputerAssisted Surgery MRNV Workshop
217
Video Camera Based Navigation of a Laser Beam for Micro Surgery Bone Ablation at the Skull Base Setup and Initial Experiments
218
Ultrasound Based Navigation System for Minimal Invasive Surgery at the Lumbar Spine within OrthoMIT
224
Optimization and Quantification of Aaccuracy for Rigid Point Based Registration for Computer Aided Surgery
230
Virtual Reality Based Training of Lumbar Punctures Using a 6DOF Haptic Device
236
RobotAssisted 3DUltrasound Volume Registration for Skull Bone Surgery
241
Recent Significance of Mechatronic Support Systems in General Surgery
247
Registration of Intraoperative 3D Ultrasound with MR Data for the Navigated Computer Based Surgery
252
Measuring the Fat Content of the Liver for Transplantation Medicine
258
3Dimensional Foot Geometry and Pressure Distribution Analysis of the Human Foot Visualization and Analysis of two Independent Foot Quantities f...
308
A Reliability Test
314
MBSModeling for Estimation of Stress and Strain in Human Body
319
A Bicycle Simulator Based on a Motion Platform in a Virtual Reality Environment FIVIS Project
323
Inverse Dynamics in Cycling Performance
329
Biomedical Optics
335
Determination of Alveolar Geometry by Optical Coherence Tomography to Develop a Numerical Model of the Fluid Dynamics in the Pulmonary Ac...
337
Combining Optical Coherence Tomography OCT with an Operating Microscope
343
Measurement of the Epidermal Thickness with Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in an Occupational Health Study on Natural Sun Pro...
349
Multiscale Description of Light Propagation in Biological Tissue
355
The Influence of Heterogeneous Optical Properties upon Fluorescence Diffusion Tomography of Small Animals
361
Cell Membrane Fluidity Determined by Fluorescence Lifetime and Polarization Screening
366
Cholesterol Dependence of Cell Membrane Dynamics Proved by Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Imaging
372
Fast and Objective Classification of Tumor Tissue by Optical Vibrational Spectroscopy
378
Algorithms for Muscle Oxygenation Monitoring Corrected for Adipose Tissue Thickness
384
Establishment of an Optical Imaging Device for Intraoperative Identification of Active Brain Areas
389
Parallel FDTD Simulation of the Scattering of Light in Media Containing Cylindrical Scatterers
394
Cerebral Oxygenation Monitoring during Cardiac Bypass Surgery in Babies with Broad Band Spatially Resolved Spectroscopy
399
Microspectrofluorometry and Polarisation Microscopy of Membrane Dynamics in Living Cells
405
Goniometrical Measurements of the Phase Function of Microstructured Tissue
411
Medical Laser Engineering
417
Comparison of Process Temperature during Laser and Mechanical Cutting of Compact Bone
418
Spectral Analysis of the Acoustic Signal During Ablation of Biological Tissue with Pulsed CO₂Lasers
425
LaserScalpel for Kidney Resection Based on 194 Ám Fibre Laser System
431
ThreeDimensional Surface Measurement Using Digital Holography with Pulsed Lasers
435
Laser Spectroscopic Online Monitoring of Volatile Diseasemarkers in Human Breath
441
Design and Technical Concept of a Tm Laser Scalpel for Clinical Investigation Based on a 60W 192 Ám Tm Fiber Laser System
447
Laser Osteotomy with Pulsed CO₂ Lasers
453
First Experiences with Acquisition of Cleft Morphology
458
Clinical PostDeadline Papers
466
Accuracy of Translation and Rotation Measurements in Navigated ACL Reconstruction
467
Stability of Different Attachment Arrays of Reference Bases Against Mechanical Stress
468
Problems of the Pre and Postoperativ Determination of the Antetorsionangle of the Femur by Navigation and CT
469
3DAnalyses and Libraries for the Construction of Individual Craniomaxillofacial Alloplastic Implants
470
Evaluation of Various Ceramic Implants after Immediate Loading
471
Author Index
473
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About the author (2007)

geboren 1963 in Kiel. 1989 Physikdiplom UniversitAt LA1/4beck. 1993 bis Ende 1994 TAtigkeit an der Forschungsanstalt der Bundeswehr fA1/4r Wasserschall- und Geophysik (FWG). Seit Oktober 1998 Professor fA1/4r Physik und Medizintechnik im Fachbereich Mathematik und Technik des RheinAhrCampus Remagen.