## Advances in Neuro-Information Processing: 15th International Conference, ICONIP 2008, Auckland, New Zealand, November 25-28, 2008, Revised Selected PapersThe two volumes contain the papers presented at the ICONIP 2008 conference of the Asia Paci?c Neural Network Assembly, held in Auckland, New Zealand, November 25–28, 2008. ICONIP 2008 attracted around 400 submissions, with approx. 260 pres- tations accepted, many of them invited. ICONIP 2008 covered a large scope of topics in the areas of: methods and techniques of arti?cial neural networks, n- rocomputers, brain modeling, neuroscience, bioinformatics, pattern recognition, intelligent information systems, quantum computation, and their numerous - plications in almost all areas of science, engineering, medicine, the environment, and business. One of the features of the conference was the list of 20 plenary and invited speakers, all internationally established scientists, presenting their recent work. Amongthem: ProfessorsShun-ichiAmari,RIKENBrainScience Institute;Shiro Usui, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Japan; Andrzej Cichocki, RIKEN Brain Science Institute; Takeshi Yamakawa, Kyushu Institute of Technology; Kenji Doya, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology; Youki Kadobayashi, - tional Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Japan; Sung- Bae Cho, Yonsei University, Korea; Alessandro Villa, University of Grenoble, France; Danilo Mandic, Imperial College, UK; Richard Duro, Universidade da Coruna,Spain,AndreasKo ¨nig,TechnischeUniversit¨ atKaiserslautern,Germany; Yaochu Jin, Honda Research Institute Europe, Germany; Bogdan Gabrys, U- versityofBournemouth,UK;JunWang,ChineseUniversityofHongKong;Mike Paulin, Otago University, New Zealand; Mika Hirvensalo, University of Turku, Finland;LeiXu,ChineseUniversityofHongKongandBeijingUniversity,China; Wlodzislaw Duch, Nicholaus Copernicus University, Poland; Gary Marcus, New York University, USA. |

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### Contents

A Novel Method for Manifold Construction | 3 |

A Nonlinear Classifier for Symbolic Interval Data Based on a Region Oriented Approach | 11 |

A Symmetrical Model Applied to IntervalValued Data Containing Outliers with HeavyTail Distribution | 19 |

New Neuron Model for Blind Source Separation | 27 |

A New Generalized Error Based Approach | 37 |

Local Feature Selection in Text Clustering | 45 |

Sprinkled Latent Semantic Indexing for Text Classification with Background Knowledge | 53 |

Comparison of Cluster Algorithms for the Analysis of Text Data Using Kolmogorov Complexity | 61 |

ClassDependent Feature Selection for Face Recognition | 551 |

Partial Clustering for Tissue Segmentation in MRI | 559 |

Time Series Analysis for Long Term Prediction of Human Movement Trajectories | 567 |

Error Analysis of a Submillimeter RealTime Target Recognition System with a Moving Camera | 575 |

Automatic Plaque Boundary Extraction in Intravascular Ultrasound Image by Fuzzy Inference with Adaptively Allocated Membership Functions | 583 |

Gabor Neural Network Based Facial Expression Recognition for Assistive Speech Expression | 591 |

Investigations into Particle Swarm Optimization for Multiclass Shape Recognition | 599 |

Patterns of Interactions in Complex Social Networks Based on Coloured Motifs Analysis | 607 |

Neurocognitive Approach to Clustering of PubMed Query Results | 70 |

Personalizing Web Search with Cognitive User Profile Model | 80 |

Neurocognitive Approach to Creativity in the Domain of WordInvention | 88 |

Improving Personal Credit Scoring with HLVQC | 97 |

Architecture of BehaviorBased Function Approximator for Adaptive Control | 104 |

On Efficient Content Based Information Retrieval Using SVM and Higher Order Correlation Analysis | 112 |

Neural Networks Learning Paradigm | 120 |

String SelfOrganizing Maps | 121 |

Neural Network Smoothing of Geonavigation Data on the Basis of Multilevel Regularization Algorithm | 131 |

KnowledgeBased Rule Extraction from SelfOrganizing Maps | 139 |

A Bayesian Local Linear Wavelet Neural Network | 147 |

Analysis on Equilibrium Point of Expectation Propagation Using Information Geometry | 155 |

Partially Enhanced Competitive Learning | 163 |

Feature Detection by Structural Enhanced Information | 171 |

Gradient Learning in Networks of Smoothly Spiking Neurons | 179 |

Orthogonalization and Thresholding Method for a Nonparametric Regression Problem | 187 |

Analysis of Ising Spin Neural Network with TimeDependent MexicanHatType Interaction | 195 |

Divided Chaotic Associative Memory for Successive Learning | 203 |

Reinforcement Learning Using Kohonen Feature Map Associative Memory with Refractoriness Based on Area Representation | 212 |

Automatic Model Selection via Corrected Error Backpropagation | 220 |

SelfReferential Event Lists for SelfOrganizing Modular Reinforcement Learning | 228 |

Generalisation Performance vs Architecture Variations in Constructive Cascade Networks | 236 |

Synchronized Oriented Mutations Algorithm for Training Neural Controllers | 244 |

Quality of Fitness Estimates vs Number of Solutions Analysed | 252 |

Robust Algorithm for Feature Selection | 260 |

Enhanced Visualization by Combing SOM and Mixture Models | 268 |

Genetic Versus NearestNeighbor Imputation of Missing Attribute Values for RBF Networks | 276 |

Combination of Dynamic Reservoir and Feedforward Neural Network for Time Series Forecasting | 284 |

Learning Nonadjacent Dependencies with a Recurrent Neural Network | 292 |

A BackPropagation Training Method for Multilayer Pulsed Neural Networks Using Principle of Duality | 300 |

Revisiting the Problem of Weight Initialization for MultiLayer Perceptrons Trained with Back Propagation | 308 |

Analysis on Generalization Error of Faulty RBF Networks with Weight Decay Regularizer | 316 |

On NodeFaultInjection Training of an RBF Network | 324 |

Kernel Methods and SVM | 332 |

A Geometric Approach | 333 |

Asbestos Detection from Microscope Images Using Support Vector Random Field of Local Color Features | 344 |

Acoustic Echo Cancellation Using Gaussian Processes | 353 |

Automatic Particle Detection and Counting by OneClass SVM from Microscope Image | 361 |

Protein Folding Classification by Committee SVM Array | 369 |

Implementation of the MLP Kernel | 378 |

Fuzzy Rules Extraction from Support Vector Machines for Multiclass Classification with Feature Selection | 386 |

An SVM Based Approach to CrossLanguage Adaptation for Indian Languages | 394 |

Automatic Classification System for the Diagnosis of Alzheimer Disease Using ComponentBased SVM Aggregations | 402 |

Early Detection of the Alzheimer Disease Combining Feature Selection and Kernel Machines | 410 |

Computer Aided Diagnosis of Alzheimer Disease Using Support Vector Machines and Classification Trees | 418 |

Modeling and Prediction of Nonlinear EEG Signal Using Local SVM Method | 426 |

Neural Networks as a Soft Computing Technology | 434 |

Suitability of Using SelfOrganizing Neural Networks in Configuring PSystem Communications Architectures | 435 |

Short Term Load Forecasting STLF Using Artificial Neural Network Based Multiple Lags of Time Series | 445 |

Neural Network Regression for LHF Process Optimization | 453 |

Trading Strategy in Foreign Exchange Market Using Reinforcement Learning Hierarchical NeuroFuzzy Systems | 461 |

Improving Multi StepAhead Model Prediction through Backward Elimination Method in Multiple Neural Networks Combination | 469 |

A Novel Adaptive ResourceAware PNN Algorithm Based on MichiganNested Pittsburgh PSO | 477 |

Imputation of Missing Data Using PCA NeuroFuzzy and Genetic Algorithms | 485 |

Feature Selection Method with MultiPopulation Agent Genetic Algorithm | 493 |

Particle Swarm Optimization and Differential Evolution in Fuzzy Clustering | 501 |

Intelligent Control of Heating Ventilating and Air Conditioning Systems | 509 |

Investigating Ensemble Weight and the Certainty Distributions for Indicating Structural Diversity | 517 |

Neural Networks and Pattern Recognition | 525 |

Dynamic Programming Stereo on RealWorld Sequences | 527 |

HappySad Expression Recognition Using Emotion Geometry Feature and Support Vector Machine | 535 |

A New Principal Axis Based Line Symmetry Measurement and Its Application to Clustering | 543 |

Initialization Dependence of Clustering Algorithms | 615 |

Boundary Detection from Spectral Information | 623 |

Improvement of Practical Recurrent Learning Method and Application to a Pattern Classification Task | 631 |

An Automatic Intelligent Language Classifier | 639 |

Gender Classification by Combining Facial and Hair Information | 647 |

A Hybrid Fuzzy Approach for Human Eye Gaze Pattern Recognition | 655 |

Interactive Trouble Condition Sign Discovery for Hydroelectric Power Plants | 663 |

An Asbestos Counting Method from Microscope Images of Building Materials Using Summation Kernel of Color and Shape | 671 |

Evaluation of Prediction Capability of Nonrecursion Type 2ndorder Volterra Neuron Network for Electrocardiogram | 679 |

A New ARTLMS Neural Network for the Image Restoration | 687 |

Moving Vehicle Tracking Based on SIFT Active Particle Choosing | 695 |

Classification of Fundus Images for Diagnosing Glaucoma by SelfOrganizing Map and Learning Vector Quantization | 703 |

Facial Expression Recognition Techniques Using Constructive Feedforward Neural Networks and KMeans Algorithm | 711 |

A Neural Network Based Classification of Human Blood Cells in a Multiphysic Framework | 720 |

A Comparison of Real and Binary Coded GAMLP Techniques | 728 |

A Robust Technique for Background Subtraction in Traffic Video | 736 |

Gabor Filters as Feature Images for Covariance Matrix on Texture Classification Problem | 745 |

Investigating Demographic Inﬂuences for HIV Classification Using Bayesian Autoassociative Neural Networks | 752 |

HardwareBased Solutions Utilizing Random Forests for Object Recognition | 760 |

A Neural Oscillation Model for Contour Separation in Color Images | 768 |

A Color Image Segmentation Using Inhibitory Connected Pulse Coupled Neural Network | 776 |

Generating Saliency Map Related to Motion Based on Selforganized Feature Extracting | 784 |

Intelligent Face Image Retrieval Using Eigenpaxels and Learning Similarity Metrics | 792 |

The Role of the Infant Vision System in 3D Object Recognition | 800 |

Virtual Fence for a Surveillance System | 808 |

Application of mnSOM on Linking External Exposure to Internal Load | 816 |

Neuromorphic Hardware and Embedded Neural Networks | 824 |

Automated and Holistic Design of Intelligent and Distributed Integrated Sensor Systems with Selfx Properties for Applications in Vision Robotics Sm... | 827 |

Hardware Design of Japanese Hand Sign Recognition System | 835 |

Blind Source Separation System Using Stochastic Arithmetic on FPGA | 843 |

NoiseTolerant Analog Circuits for Sensory Segmentation Based on Symmetric STDP Learning | 851 |

A Novel Approach for Hardware Based Sound Classification | 859 |

The Generalized Product Neuron Model in Complex Domain | 867 |

PulseType Hardware Neural Network with Two Time Windows in STDP | 877 |

Time Evaluation for WTA Hopfield Type Circuits Affected by CrossCoupling Capacitances | 885 |

Circuit FPGA for Active Rules Selection in a Transition P System Region | 893 |

Machine Learning and Information Algebra | 901 |

Model Selection Method for AdaBoost Using Formal Information Criteria | 902 |

The Diversity of Regression Ensembles Combining Bagging and Random Subspace Method | 911 |

On WeightNoiseInjection Training | 919 |

Intelligent Control of Heating Ventilating and Air Conditioning Systems | 927 |

Bregman Divergences and Multidimensional Scaling | 935 |

Collective Activations to Generate SelfOrganizing Maps | 943 |

A ClosedForm Estimator of Fully Visible Boltzmann Machines | 951 |

Incremental Learning in the Nonnegative Matrix Factorization | 960 |

Contextual Behaviors and Internal Representations Acquired by Reinforcement Learning with a Recurrent Neural Network in a Continuous State and ... | 970 |

Improving the Quality of EEG Data in Patients with Alzheimers Disease Using ICA | 979 |

Global Minimization of the Projective Nonnegative Matrix Factorization | 987 |

Learning Sparse Representations Using a Parametric Cauchy Density | 994 |

A OneLayer Recurrent Neural Network for Nonsmooth Convex Optimization Subject to Linear Equality Constraints | 1003 |

BrainComputer Interface | 1011 |

A Study on Application of Reliability Based Automatic Repeat Request to Brain Computer Interfaces | 1013 |

Analysis on SaccadeRelated Independent Components by Various ICA Algorithms for Developing BCI | 1021 |

Policy Gradient Learning of Cooperative Interaction with a Robot Using Users Biological Signals | 1029 |

RealTime Embedded EEGBased BrainComputer Interface | 1038 |

Neural Network Implementations | 1046 |

The Design Automation Problem | 1049 |

The Deferred Event Model for HardwareOriented Spiking Neural Networks | 1057 |

Particle Swarm Optimization with SIMDOriented Fast Mersenne Twister on the Cell Broadband Engine | 1065 |

DNA Computing Hardware Design and Application to Multiclass Cancer Data | 1072 |

1080 | |

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accuracy adaptation algorithm analysis applied approach Artiﬁcial average backpropagation base vectors Berlin Heidelberg 2009 calculated chillers circuit classiﬁcation cluster components Computer condition data cooling towers data set database deﬁned detection diﬀerent distance distribution eﬀect enhanced equation error estimation evaluate experiments facial expression feature extraction feature selection filter ﬁrst ﬁtness function fuzzy Gabor filters genetic algorithm hidden layer ICONIP IEEE IEEE Trans implementation initial International iteration K¨oppen kernel labels linear LNCS Machine Learning matrix measure N-gram Neural Networks Neuro-Fuzzy neurons nodes noise nonlinear obtained optimization outlier output paper parameters Particle Swarm Optimization particles performance pixels prediction problem random Random Forests Reinforcement Learning robot rules samples Self-Organizing Maps shows signals simulation space Springer Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg structure subset Support Vector Machines synaptic Table target techniques tion variables voxel weight vectors