Adverbs of Degree in Dutch and Related Languages
Adverbs of degree form an intriguing part of the lexicon: numerous, multiform and everchanging. They also show a great variety in distribution. In this study, the characteristics of adverbs of degree are investigated from a semantic point of view. The main focus is on Dutch, but previous studies about English and German adverbs of degree are used to compare with and to build on.
The book starts with an introduction on grading and gradability, and a classification of the adverbs according to the degree they express. Next, the different lexical sources from which the adverbs emerge and the process of grammaticalization are discussed. The main part of the book is devoted to semantic restrictions on the use of adverbs of degree, on the one hand restrictions concerning the modified elements, on the other hand those concerning the environment. Topics include absoluteness versus gradability, positive versus negative evaluation, the strengthening of negation, polarity sensitivity, the logical properties of the adverbs themselves, and restrictions to reduplication and stacking.
Besides the main text, three case studies are presented in which the pecularities of some of the adverbs are investigated in depth, to show more in detail to complexities of their distribution. The appendix gives an overview of Dutch adverbs of degree.
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Chapter 1 Grading Gradability and Degrees
Chapter 2 The Origin of Adverbs of Degree
Chapter 3 Semantic Restrictions on the Use of Adverbs of Degree
Case study 1 Vrijwel and Nauwelijks the negative side of the absolute
Case study 2 Bar and Bijster two polarity sensitive adverbs
Other editions - View all
aardig absolute adjectives absolute degree absolute expressions absolute predicates adverbs of degree anti-additive antimorphic antonym approximatives awfully bar and bijster behoorlijk beslist Bolinger collocations combination comparative completely considered degree modifier denote downtoning downward entailing Dutch adverbs echt een beetje emotive English environments evaluative polarity extremely high degree FC Groningen geen German gradable grading function grammaticalized groot haast heel helemaal Hij is niet hypothesis indicate intensifying interpretation judgements lexical meaning licensing capacity litotes modal adverbs modified by vrijwel modified element monotone decreasing monotonicity properties nauwelijks negative adjective negative degree negative predicates nennenswert nice niet bar niet bijster niet erg noemenswaardig nogal noun phrases ontzettend ook maar iemand polarity sensitive positive adjectives positive sentences possible PPIs quantifiers quasinegative reduplication restrictions scale semantic siecht specific square of opposition syntactic syntactic categories tevreden understatement universal quantifier veel verbs verste verte weinig Wouden zijn zo'n beetje Zwarts