Aerosol Science: Theory and Practice : with Special Applications to the Nuclear Industry
Pergamon Press, 1991 - Technology & Engineering - 446 pages
The subject of aerosols goes back many years and enters many aspects of science and technology. Optics, heat-transfer, biology, meteorology and pollution are just a few areas where the behaviour of small particles suspended in a gas is of vital importance. More recently, with increasing concern about the consequences of accidents in nuclear reactors and the effect of global nuclear war (i.e., the nuclear winter) a great deal of work has been directed towards the dispersal of radioactive aerosols in closed containers and in the atmosphere. The purpose of the book is twofold: to give a thorough treatment of the fundamentals of aerosol behaviour with rigorous proofs and detailed derivations of the basic equations and removal mechanisms and also to give practical examples with special attention to radioactive particles and their distribution in size following a release arising from an accident with a nuclear system. This book will be useful both as a course text and as a reference source.
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Applications of aerosol science
The Motion of Particles in Gases
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aerosol particles Aerosol Sci Aerosol Science approximation assume average Boltzmann equation boundary conditions boundary layer Brownian coagulation Brownian diffusion Brownian motion calculations charge coagulation kernel collision efficiency Colloid Colloid Interface Sci concentration condensation consider constant containment continuity equation convective Davis defined density depends diameter diffusion coefficient diffusion equation discussed distribution function drag forces droplets dynamic equation effect factor Figure flux Friedlander gamma distribution given gravitational settling hand side Hocking hydrodynamic integral interaction interparticle ions kinetic theory Knudsen number leads line of centers Loyalka mass transfer mean free path method molecular molecules nonspherical nuclear number of particles O'Neill obtained parameters Phys problem radioactive radius ratio reactor relative velocity Reynolds number rotation Seinfeld shape shown in Fig sinh((n small particles solved source term species spheres moving spheroid Stokes flow stream function surface temperature thermophoresis trajectories vapor