Aerosol Science: Theory and Practice : with Special Applications to the Nuclear Industry
Pergamon Press, 1991 - Technology & Engineering - 446 pages
The subject of aerosols goes back many years and enters many aspects of science and technology. Optics, heat-transfer, biology, meteorology and pollution are just a few areas where the behaviour of small particles suspended in a gas is of vital importance. More recently, with increasing concern about the consequences of accidents in nuclear reactors and the effect of global nuclear war (i.e., the nuclear winter) a great deal of work has been directed towards the dispersal of radioactive aerosols in closed containers and in the atmosphere. The purpose of the book is twofold: to give a thorough treatment of the fundamentals of aerosol behaviour with rigorous proofs and detailed derivations of the basic equations and removal mechanisms and also to give practical examples with special attention to radioactive particles and their distribution in size following a release arising from an accident with a nuclear system. This book will be useful both as a course text and as a reference source.
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Aerosol Characterization 1
The Motion of Particles in Gases
52 other sections not shown
Adapted aerosol particles Aerosol Sci approximation assume average body Boltzmann equation boundary conditions boundary layer Brownian coagulation Brownian motion calculations charge coagulation kernel collision efficiency Colloid Colloid Interface Sci concentration condensation consider constant continuity equation convective Cooley and O'Neill coordinate system cosh((n Davis defined density diameter diffusion coefficient diffusion equation discussed distribution function drag forces dynamic equation effect equivalent sphere factor Figure finite Friedlander gamma distribution given gravitational settling hand side hydrodynamic integral interaction interparticle ions kinetic theory Knudsen number leads line of centers Loyalka mass transfer mean free path method molecules nonspherical nuclear number of particles obtained parameters Phys problem radioactive radius ratio reactor Reynolds number rotation Seinfeld shape shown in Fig sinh((n small particles solved species spheres moving spherical spheroid Stokes flow stream function surface thermophoresis total number trajectories turbulent vapor write