Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects, Second Edition

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Lev S. Ruzer, Naomi H. Harley
CRC Press, Aug 15, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 666 pages
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With the rapid growth of the nanotechnology industry, the need to understand the biological effects of aerosol exposure has become increasingly important. Featuring contributions by leading experts in the field, Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects, Second Edition offers an up-to-date overview of many aspects of aerosols, from properties to health effects and epidemiology.

Covering indoor, outdoor, industrial, medical, pharmaceutical, and radioactive aerosols, this book explores aerosol dosimetry by defining terms such as exposure and dose. In addition, it looks at nanometer particles, the mechanism of aerosol deposition in the lungs, and modeling deposition with a corresponding uncertainty in risk assessment. The text also emphasizes the importance of accurate aerosol measurements, particularly breathing zone exposure assessments.

Examining radioactive aerosols, the book discusses lessons learned from nuclear accidents, radon and thoron, and long-lived radionuclides in the environment. It brings together research on both radioactive and nonradioactive aerosols, supplying readers with a more complete view of how aerosols behave in the lungs.

New in This Edition

  • Five new chapters that address the safety of nanomaterials, dealing with nanoparticle cell penetration, high aspect ratio nanomaterials, nanoaerosols in drug delivery, risk assessment, and health effects
  • New chapters on atmospheric pollution related to climate change, chemical analyses of particle filter deposits, and classical nucleation theory
  • New data on measurement, dosimetry, and health effects

Updated throughout, this second edition continues to be an essential resource for those who study exposure, dosages, and toxicity to develop treatments for exposure, reduce air pollution, and establish better safety regulations, particularly in industries using nanotechnologies.

 

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Contents

Chapter 2 Breathing Zone Exposure Assessment
31
Chapter 3 Mechanisms of Particle Deposition
47
Chapter 4 Aerosol Dose
75
Chapter 5 Modeling Deposition of Inhaled Particles
83
An Indoor Perspective
129
Chapter 7 Chemical Analyses of Particle Filter Deposits
179
Chapter 8 Health Effects of Ambient Ultrafine Particles
205
Chapter 9 Nanoparticle Cell Penetration
217
Chapter 14 Health Effects of Metals in Ambient Air Particulate Matter
357
Chapter 15 Radioactive Aerosols
383
Chapter 16 Unattached Fraction of Radon Progeny as an Experimental Tool in the Assessment of the Risk of Nanoparticles
415
Chapter 17 Filtration and Sampling of Aerosols by Fibrous Filters
439
Chapter 18 Radioactive Aerosols of Chernobyl Accident
473
Account of Dependence of the Surface Tension on Curvature and TranslationRotation Correction Factor
503
Chapter 20 Radioactive Aerosol Standards
529
Concentrations and Lung Cancer Risk
539

Characterization and Toxicology
229
Chapter 11 Research and Development of a New Safe Form of Drugs
249
Chapter 12 Bioaerosols
285
Chapter 13 Aerosols Global Climate and the Human Health CoBenefits of Climate Change Mitigation
345
Chapter 22 Risk from Inhalation of the LongLived Radionuclides Uranium Thorium and Fallout Plutonium in the Atmosphere
555
Mechanisms and Epidemiology
565
Back Cover
637
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About the author (2012)

Lev S. Ruzer has been a researcher in the Indoor Environment Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory since 1989. He has published more than 130 papers, two books as an editor (in English), and three books as an author (one in English and two in Russian). He also holds three patents. Under his supervision as the founder and chairman of Aerosol Laboratory at the Institute of Physico-Technical and Radiotechnical Measurements in Moscow, the set of installations for generating and measuring different types of aerosols was certified as a State Standard of Aerosols in the USSR.

Naomi H. Harley is a professor in the Department of Environmental Medicine at New York University. Dr. Harley was elected a council member to the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) in 1982 and was made an honorary member in 2000. She is an advisor to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). Dr. Harley has authored over 150 journal publications and six book chapters, and has four patents for radiation detection instrumentation. The most recent patent, issued in 2004, was for a miniature passive radon and thoron detector.

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