Affluence and Poverty in the Middle East

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Psychology Press, 1998 - Social Science - 298 pages
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This text explores the causes and consequences of the persistent poverty and extreme inequality that have characterized the Middle East. Using extensive empirical evidence the author helps the reader understand the impact of co-existing affluence and poverty. In the first part of the book, he investigates the common cultural and economic factors that have brought about such an extreme polarization of living standards. Focusing particularly on, historical origins, religion, economic foundations, and corruption, the author uses a number of case studies to illustrate how each factor has affected different countries in the region. The second part consists of country studies that examine how particular governments and NGOs have responded to vast inequalities in the distribution of wealth, income and opportunities.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Basic concepts and realities
11
Historical origins
29
Religious foundations of justice and inheritance
44
Economic capacity to develop land and water resources
65
Algeria Iran and Libya
81
Outcomes and estimates of imbalance
98
Suggested readings
111
distributional impact
172
in eight adjusting countries 197593
207
Prospects and challenges
214
Notes
231
Bibliography
261
Name index
283
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About the author (1998)

M. Riad El-Ghonemy is a Senior Research Associate at the International Development Centre, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.

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