Affordable Cleanup?: Opportunities for Cost Reduction in the Decontamination and Decommissioning of the Nation's Uranium Enrichment Facilities

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The Energy Policy Act of 1992 called on the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study and provide recommendations for reducing the costs of decontaminating and decommissioning (D&D) the nation's uranium enrichment facilities located at Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Raducah, Kentucky; and Portsmouth, Ohio. This volume examines the existing plans and cost estimates for the D&D of these facilities, including such elements as technologies, planning and management, and identifies approaches that could reduce D&D costs. It also assesses options for disposition of the large quantities of depleted uranium hexafluoride that are stored at these sites.

 

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Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1
INTRODUCTION 15
PROCESS FACILITIES INVENTORIES AND RISKS 27
DECONTAMINATION PROCESSES 49
ANALYSES OF THE DD COST ESTIMATES FOR THE GDPs 79
CONTENTS ix
PLANNING THE DD PROGRAM 103
OPPORTUNITIES FOR DD COST REDUCTION 127
B1 Committee Panels and Membership 197
Committee Meetings and Activities 200
Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff 210
E Radionuclide Characterization and Detection 220
E1 Estimated Radioactive Contaminants Received by Paducah GDP 221
E3 Recent Characterization Developments 227
F Automation and Robotics 233
H Previous Decontamination and Decommissioning Efforts 244

DISPOSITION OF THE DUF6 157
MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS 183
APPENDICES
GLOSSARY 296
ACRONYMS 306
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