Afghani and ʻAbduh: An Essay on Religious Unbelief and Political Activism in Modern Islam
Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (1838-1897) and his well-known Egyptian disciple Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905), the Mufti of Egypt and Lord Cromer's friend, have been generally considered pious and devoted Muslims who initiated the reform and rejuvenation of Islam after a stagnation of centuries. In this classic essay, reissued in hardback and paperback some thirty years after its first appearance, Elie Kedourie argues that Afghani and Abduh should be considered subverters rather than reformers of Islam. Kedourie addresses the spread of concealed unbelief and atheism in Muslim society towards the end of the nineteenth century, and shows how both Afghani and Abduh, while making a show of their piety, really held esoteric beliefs quite incompatible with orthodox and traditional Islam.
Professor Kedourie also discusses the two men's political activities in Egypt before and during Urabi's revolt and in the process throws new light on the parties and factions which were involved in Egyptian politics in the 1870s. He also gives a summary account of Afghani's relations with the European Powers, an account which shows him to have been a Russian agent and possibly a French one - and to have offered his services to the British, which, in view of his anti-British record and reputation, adds piquancy to this man's strange career.
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Adib Ishaq Afghani Afghani and Abduh Afghanistan Ahmad al-Basir al-Manar al-Urwa al-wuthqa Amin al-Sultan Anglais Anhuri Arabic attack autre Beirut believe bien biographical notice Blunt British c'est Cairo Caliphate cheichs Christian Cromer despatch disciples divines doctrine Documents doubt Egypt Egyptian El-Mahdi exile fait French Government Grand heterodoxy India Islam Isma'il Istanbul Jamal al-Din al-Afghani jours Khalil Ghanim Khedive l'Angleterre letter Lodge London mahdism Makhzumi Malkam masonic Mecque meme Minister Mirza Mohamed Mohamed-Ahmed monde Mufti of Egypt Muhammad Abduh Muhammad Ahmad Muslim musulmans newspaper Nubar Office Orient orthodoxy Ottoman Paris Persian Philip Currie philosophical political Professor Keddie prophete published puissance qu'elle qu'il Qur'an Rashid Rida religion religious Renan Renan's lecture reported Riad Pasha Rida's Russian Sanua Sayyid Secret seems serait seul Shah Shaikh Shakib Arslan Sharif Shi'ite sous Sudan Sultan Tarikh Taufiq Tehran translation Turquie Urabi Uthman W. S. Blunt wrote
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No preview available - 1993