Afghanistan and Iraq: DoD Should Improve Adherence to Its Guidance on Open Pit Burning Solid Waste
DIANE Publishing, 2011 - 59 pages
From the start of military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, the U.S. military and its contractors have burned solid waste in open burn pits on or near military bases. According to the DoD, burn pit emissions can potentially harm human health. U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) guidance directs the military's use of burn pits, and the VA provides healthcare and other benefits to veterans and their families. This report examined the: (1) extent of open pit burning in Afghanistan and Iraq, and whether the military has followed its guidance; (2) alternatives to burn pits, and whether the military has examined them; and (3) extent of efforts to monitor air quality and potential health impacts. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand publication.
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According to DOD Afghanistan and Iraq Al Asad alternatives to open ambient air samples APHC officials Army Public Health Asad Asphalt shingles Bagram Balad bases in Afghanistan bases in Iraq burn boxes burn pit emissions burn pit operations Camp Taji CENTCOM officials CENTCOM’s 2009 regulation contingency operations contractor deployment dioxins DOD’s environmental health Environmental Standard Operating exposure to burn GAO analysis health risk health surveillance identify impacts of burn implemented landfills locations LOGCAP medical waste Military Exposure Guideline MNC-I Environmental Standard MNF-I monitor burn pit open burning open pit burning operating burn pits Operating Procedure 2009 plastic pollutants polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons potential health impacts Procedure 2006 prohibited items Public Health Command recycling relevant guidance Senior DOD officials servicemembers solid waste incinerators solid waste management source reduction Standard Operating Procedure substances U.S. bases U.S. Central Command U.S. forces U.S. military USF-I USFOR-A veterans volatile organic compounds Warhorse waste stream