Africa and the International System: The Politics of State Survival

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 12, 1996 - Political Science - 340 pages
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African independence launched into international politics a group of the world's poorest, weakest and most artificial states. How have such states managed to survive? To what extent is their survival now threatened? Christopher Clapham shows how an initially supportive international environment has become increasingly threatening to African rulers and the states over which they preside. The author reveals how international conventions designed to uphold state sovereignty have often been appropriated and subverted by rulers to enhance their domestic control, and how African states have been undermined by guerrilla insurgencies and the use of international relations to serve essentially private ends.
 

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Contents

Fragile states and the international system
3
Statehood and global politics
8
Quasistatehood and the negative sovereignty regime
15
Globalisation and sovereign statehood
24
The creation of an African international order
28
The colonial grid
30
Indigenising power
33
The waiting world
41
The militarisation of Africas external relations
150
Africa in the postCold War world
158
Struggling with decay
161
The international politics of economic failure
163
The externalisation of economic management
169
Responses to adjustment
176
The politics of aid dependence
181
The externalisation of political accountability
187

Domestic statehood and foreign policy
44
The monopoly state
56
The domestic politics of foreign policy management
62
Paying for the state
67
Conclusion
73
Patterns of alliance
75
The foreign policies of postcolonialism
77
The international politics of francophonie
88
Multilateral postcolonialism
98
Conclusion
103
The politics of solidarity
106
The continental coalition
110
The politics of regionalism
117
The AfroArab relationship
125
Conclusion
131
The resort to the superpowers
134
The Soviet role
142
The imposition of political conditionalities
192
The African state response
201
The international politics of insurgency
208
The politics of the border
215
Insurgent diplomacy
222
The NGO connection
226
The insurgent international economy
230
Controlling insurgency
234
The postinsurgent state
239
The privatisation of diplomacy
244
The shadow state
249
The destating of external relations with Africa
256
Conclusion
267
Notes
275
Bibliography
311
Index
332
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Page 324 - Chairman of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organisation of African Unity shall draw lots to decide the names of those members referred to in Article 36.

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