Africa in the Nineteenth Century Until the 1880s

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J. F. Ade Ajayi
University of California Press, 1998 - History - 356 pages
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Volume VI of this acclaimed series is now available in an abridged paperback edition. The result of years of work by scholars from all over the world, The UNESCO General History of Africa reflects how the different peoples of Africa view their civilizations and shows the historical relationships between the various parts of the continent. Historical connections with other continents demonstrate Africa's contribution to the development of human civilization. Each volume is lavishly illustrated and contains a comprehensive bibliography.

Volume VI covers the period from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the onset of the European "scramble" for colonial territory in the 1880s.

In spite of a growing European commercial, religious, and political presence during the first three quarters of the century, outside influences were felt indirectly by most African societies, and they made a number of culturally distinctive attempts to modernize, expand, and develop. These are detailed in four thematic chapters, twenty-three chapters detailing developments in specific areas, and two concluding chapters tracing the African diaspora and assessing the state of the Continent's political, economic, and cultural development on the eve of the European conquest.
 

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Contents

Africa and the worldeconomy
10
The abolition of the slave trade
33
The Mfecane and the rise of new African states
39
The impact of the Mfecane on the Cape Colony
50
The British Boers and Africans in South Africa
59
The countries of the Zambezi basin
68
The East African coast and hinterland 180045
79
The East African coast and hinterland 184580
88
Morocco from the beginning of the nineteenth century to 1880
189
New patterns of European intervention in the Maghrib
199
The Sahara in the nineteenth century
209
The nineteenthcentury Islamic revolutions in West Africa
218
The Sokoto caliphate and Borno
225
Massina and the Torodbe Tukuloor empire until 1878
239
States and peoples of Senegambia and Upper Guinea
252
States and peoples of the Niger Bend and the Volta
262

Peoples and states of the Great Lakes region
100
The Congo Basin and Angola
112
The renaissance of Egypt 180581
129
The Sudan in the nineteenth century
140
Ethiopia and Somalia
150
Madagascar 180080
164
Algeria Tunisia and Libya
176
Dahomey Yorubaland Borgu and Benin in the nineteenth century
279
The Niger delta and the Cameroon region
292
The African diaspora
305
Africa on the eve of the European conquest
315
Bibliography
323
Index
347
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About the author (1998)

Jacob Festus Ade Ajayi was born in Ikole Ekiti, Nigeria on May 26, 1929. He was educated at Igbobi College, Lagos; University College, Ibadan; and University College, Leicester. He received a B.A. and a Ph.D. in African history from the University of London. He was professor of history at the University of Ibadan from 1963 until 1989. He was a pioneer in the study of indigenous African history. He wrote and co-wrote several books including Milestones in Nigerian History, A Thousand Years of West African History written with Ian Espie, Yoruba Warfare in the Nineteenth Century written with R. S. Smith, Christian Missions in Nigeria 1841-91: The Making of a New Elite, and A Patriot to the Core. He was also a founder of the Ibadan History Series, a series of scholarly works providing new perspectives on African history. He died on August 9, 2014 at the age of 85.

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