African American Clinical Psychologists' Q-sort Conceptualizations of Optimal Mental Health
Northwestern University, 1997 - African American psychologists - 300 pages
The present study used the California Q-set (CQ-set) and Q-sort methodology (Block, 1961) to study how African American clinical psychologists conceptualize optimal mental health. Specifically, the study examined how their Q-sort descriptions vary as a function of the race of the target and the Afrocentricity of the judges. Template Q-sorts were developed to represent the collective judgment of a group of individual judges' Q- sorts. When the conventional Q-sort template matching method was used to analyze the data, the template Q-sorts of optimal mental health were virtually the same regardless of the target of the sort (European American or African American) or the psychologists' level of Afrocentricity (high or low). Furthermore, African American psychologists' conceptualizations of optimal mental health were also essentially the same as European American clinical psychologists' (Block, 1961) description of optimal mental health. A unique aspect of this study is that the data were also analyzed using an ANOVA model. By assessing the levels of variance within various groups of individual Q-sorts and the variance between groups, it was determined that it is possible for templates to be highly correlated and significantly different. Finally, although the templates were highly similar, participants reported that they believed optimal mental health was different for an African American and a European American. Thus, the appropriateness of using the CQ-set to conceptualize optimal mental health from a non-Eurocentric perspective is explored.
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AA/Low ASC ABCDEFGH African American psychologists African Self-Consciousness American Optimal Mental American Psychological Association Americans and European ANOVA model ASC scale Baldwin Black Psychology Block's template California Q-Set Sorting characteristic nor uncharacteristic Clinical Psychology clinicians conceptualize mental health conceptualize optimal mental conceptualize the target correlated culture description of optimal deviation Q-sort placement differed in placement EA/High ASC Eurocentric worldview European American target health for African High ASC Template high in Afrocentricity item Item number item number Mean Items that Differ Kambon Least Characteristic Items low Afrocentric Low ASC Template Mean Item Placement Mean Standard deviation Mental Health Template nine category Northwestern University number Mean Standard optimal mental health participants Placement and Q-Sort psychologists high Q-Set Sorting Guide Q-sort descriptions Q-Sort item number racism score CQ-set item Standard deviation Q-sort Table Template of Optimal Template score CQ-set Templates Template score Thirteen Least Characteristic Thirteen Most Characteristic uncharacteristic of optimal