African Development Report 2008/2009
Oxford University Press, USA, Jun 22, 2009 - Political Science - 128 pages
The publication of the African Development Report 2008/2009 comes at a time when some prolonged civil conflicts in Africa have ended while some countries continue to experience violent conflict or the threat of its occurrence. The termination of some of the long-drawn-out conflicts offers hopes for lasting peace and security in Africa, a sine qua non for the continent to develop. But it also raises a number of challenges to ensure a successful post-conflict transition. The countries concerned are not in a position to undertake such efforts on their own. Thus, external support is vital to post-conflict recovery. On the other hand, the persistence of conflict in some other countries warrants a continued enquiry into the nature and causes of conflict in Africa and a search for appropriate conflict-resolution strategies.
Against this background, the Report investigates the nature, causes and consequences of conflict in Africa. It assesses conflict-resolution and peacebuilding strategies and then focuses on policies to aid the transition from conflict to peace and economic recovery. Finally, it highlights the African Development Bank's support to fragile states, which are mostly countries emerging from conflict.
The Report identifies large knowledge gaps and a lack of consensus on the causes of conflict in Africa. It shows that the consequences of conflict often spread well beyond national borders, and that regional and international efforts are critical to conflict resolution. The Report emphasizes the need for strong national institutions to underpin the process of state building in general, and peacebuilding and economic recovery in particular.
The Report contributes to the debate on effective strategies to prevent and end conflicts in Africa, and facilitate post-conflict recovery and reconstruction. It is a must-read for policymakers, practitioners and scholars, and indeed for all those with an in interest in African development.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Explaining violent conflict
LIST OF BOXES FIGURES AND TABLES
The consequences of conflict
6 other sections not shown
Other editions - View all
African countries African Development Bank African Union allocation Angola armed conflict arrears clearance Bank's battle deaths bottlenecks building Burundi capacity capital flight civil conflict civilian combatants conflict resolution conflict reversion conflict-affected countries conflicts in Africa coordination Cote d'lvoire country's Darfur DDR programme debt relief delivery demobilization democracy Democratic Republic diaspora disarmament donors economic policies ECOWAS effective elections enhance ethnic financing fragile and conflict-affected IDPs income increase initiatives institutions internally displaced persons Liberia Lord's Resistance Army military spending Millennium Development Goals Mozambique natural resources Nigeria Operation Rachel peace agreement peacebuilding peacekeeping percent political post-conflict countries post-conflict governments post-conflict situations post-conflict societies power sharing priority rebel reconciliation reduce reform refugees regional member countries reintegration Republic of Congo revenues risk factors risk of conflict Rwanda sector Sierra Leone Small Arms Survey social Somalia strategy Sudan Uganda violent conflict World Bank