African Indigenous Religions and Disease Causation: From Spiritual Beings to Living Humans
This comparative and historical study focuses on religious aspects of disease etiologies among five, systematically selected, African peoples: the San, Maasai, Sukuma, Kongo and Yoruba. Unlike the homogenizing tendencies of many earlier comparative works by scholars of religion, this book highlights the differences between and the plurality within the religions and cultures of the selected peoples, as well as processes of change. The work covers a period of about 100 years, from the late 19th to the late 20th century, and much of the material used comes from European mission archives. To different degrees among the peoples studied, there has been a gradual shift from an emphasis on spiritual beings such as God and ancestors to living humans like 'witches' as agents of disease. In a theoretically eclective analysis, possible reasons for this shift are discussed.
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Chapter One Ethnographic Background
Chapter Two Heavenly Beings among the San
10 other sections not shown
According afflictions African agents of disease Arhem Arusha associated Awolalu babalawo balogi bandoki banganga Bantu Barnard Bascom believed Bleek Bosch Botswana Brandstrom 1990 Buakasa Buckley causation cause chapter Christian concept cult culture curse Dalmalm dead death divinities Dopamu egungun Eshu evil Fokken Galaty Geschiere groups Guenther Gusinde Hallgren Hauge healers healing Heinz Hendriks 1952b hunting-gathering Hurskainen Ibid Idowu illness iloibonok important indigenous influence instance ISBN 90 Jacobson-Widding 1979 Janzen Katz Kimerei kindoki Kongo Kung Laman Lebzelter lesser deity living humans Maasai MacGaffey 1986 Mahaniah Marshall medicines Merker Millroth misfortune missionaries Morton-Williams 1964 Namibia Ng'weshemi nganga Nharo nkisi Nyamwezi Nzambi Obatala ogboni Olsson Olukunle orisha Orunmila particularly pastoral Maasai person referred religious rituals Schapera Schmidt scholars Shango Shopona sickness significance Simpson social sorcery spirits of ancestors Sukuma Table n.d.a. Tanzania Thurner trance dance Voshaar Widman Wijsen & Tanner witchcraft witchery witches women Yemoja Yoruba religion