African pastoralism: conflict, institutions and government
Pluto Press in association with OSSREA, 2001 - Business & Economics - 311 pages
Although many countries in Africa are devastated by poverty and famine, and are desperately in need of aid, it is generally recognized that programs of aid and development in Africa are imposed upon local communities with little regard for their traditional values and way of life. This is true of development schemes imposed by national African governments, just as it is true of international aid schemes.This book provides a fresh look at these intricate issues, and explores the way in which farming and traditional pastoral livelihoods have strengthened rather than weakened in the face of government reforms. It reveals how traditional institutions and resource management strategies within local African communities continue to endure, in spite of the enormous pressure the development programs exert. Revealing the link between the structure of power relations in pastoral societies and the shrinking of environmental space, the contributors demonstrate the intractable problems of the sustainability of pastoral development in situations characterized by increasing land appropriation and conflicts over resources. The book introduces thirteen case studies from Botswana, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda and various other parts of the African continent.
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Sustainable Development and Resource Conflicts in Botswana
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Addis Ababa administration Afar agricultural Ahmed allocated Amibara animals Ankole Arsi Oromo Awash Awash National Park Borana Botswana Bunyoro cattle keepers clan land clan members commercial communities conflict cultivation Dadaab District drought dry-season Drylands eastern Africa economic elders environment environmental Eritrea Ethiopia failure famine relief farming food security Gaborone Garissa Garissa District Hassan Gurra Hassoba herd herders Horn of Africa household increased institutions interventions irrigated issues Ittu Kajiado Karrayu Kenya Khartoum labour livestock livestock production Maasai maize Marsabit Middle Awash milk natural resources NGOs Nomadic off-take rate Omdurman organisations OSSREA pastoral pastoral associations pastoral development pastoral groups pastoral production pastoral societies pastoralists political population problems ranching schemes rangelands region resource competition result Rufa'a al Hoi sector settled settlement Singo situation social Somali southern squatters strategy Studies Sudan survival sustainable development tion TLU/capita trade Uganda urban utilisation wildlife