African Religious Influences on Three Black Women Novelists: The Aesthetics of Vodun : Zora Neale Hurston, Simone Schwarz-Bart, and Paule Marshall
This study, focusing on select novels by women writers of the African Diaspora, illustrates that a surprising degree of commonality exists among works with obvious geographical, cultural, and linguistics differences--an affirmation of the philosophical essence of the Vodun religion as an antidote to Western spiritual and cultural moribundity. A close reading Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God, Simone Schwarz-Bart's Pluie et Vent sur Telum‚ee Miracle, and Paule Marshall's Praisesong for theWidow, demonstrates the way in which these works allude to the Vodun pantheon and ancestor veneration in order to valorize a worldview that recognizes the interconnectedness of all living things, visible and invisible. This is accomplished by locating each novel within its socio-political context and developing African diasporic literary tradition wherein African-derived beliefs have become sources of cultural resistance. After this reconstruction, the author is able to explicate the representation and function of Vodun as it is employed by each of the authors under consideration.
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Zora Neale Hurstons Cosmic Consciousness
Simone SchwarzBarts Theatre of the Marvelous
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African diaspora African-American American ancestor figure argue Aunt Cuney Avey Avey's black cultural black women Cake's Caribbean Carriacou ceremonies colonial conjure critics Cuney's dance Desaragne diasporic divinity drum Eatonville Elie Elie's Erzulie Freda evil Eyes Were Watching female Feminist Feminist Literary Criticism Fond-Zombi Frantz Fanon Gates gods grandmother Guadeloupe Haiti Haitian healing Henry Louis Gates holistic Hurston's Their Eyes Ibos initiation Janie Janie's Jody Jody's Killicks language Lebert Joseph literary living Lougandor women marriage Marshall Maya Deren mother myth Nanny narrative nature Neale Hurston's novel one's oral Paule Marshall's physical Pluie et Vent Praisesong protagonist psychic psychological quest relationship religion Schwarz-Bart sense silence slave slavery song spiritual Starks story storytelling symbol Tea Cake tell Telumee Telumee Miracle Telumee's Toussine Toussine's traditions Vodou Vodun aesthetic Vodun belief voice Voodoo West Indian Western woman words writes zombification Zora Neale Hurston