After Cognitivism: A Reassessment of Cognitive Science and Philosophy

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Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 1, 2009 - Philosophy - 229 pages
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There is a basic perplexity in our times. On the one hand, we ?nd a blind trust in technology and rationalism. In our neo-liberalistically dominated world only what can be rapidly exploited and commercialized seems to count. The only opposing reaction to this kind of rationalism is an extreme rejection of all kinds of reasoning, and sometimes attendant religious fundamentalism. But instead of re?ecting on the limits and possibilites of reasoning, dialogue is replaced by a demagogic struggle between cultures. One cause of the blind trust in technology is misunderstandings about the sign- cance and the application of theories in the reception of the so-called Enlightenment. The Enlightenment is essentially characterized by two forces: (i) the conception of society as a social contract and (ii) the new science (New- nian physics, etc.). But as a result we lost ground: Atomistic individualism nourished the illusion of a self-contained ego prior to man’s entering into a shared inter-subjective world. And in the new science, our constructions of reality became autonomous and indep- dent of our interventions. Thus we became caught in the inherent dynamism of our computational constructions of reality. Science, as it is applied today, operates with far too simple parameters and model-theoretic constructions – erroneously taking the latter (the models) as literal descriptions of reality.
 

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Contents

A Reassessment of Scientific Theories
2
Part II Artificial Intelligence and the Embodiment of the Mind
36
Part III Socialization in the Internet Between Dissolution and Extension of the Human Self
97
Part IV New Research Strategies in Psychology and Psychotherapy
144
Part V Ethical and Economic Aspects
188
Index
226
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About the author (2009)

1973-1979 studies in philosophy and psychology

1979 doctorate in philosophy (title of dissertation: Die hermeneutischen Grundlagen Wittgensteins)

1990 Habilitation (habilitation treatise: Künstliche Intelligence und Heidegger)

1990 bis 1994 (co)Director of International Summer Schools In Philosophy And Artificial Intelligence, Bozen/Italy

1993-1996 research assistent at IFF (Institute for interdisciplinary studies in technology at the universities of Innsbruck, Klagenfurt and Vienna).

1.October 1997 Associate Professor at the institute of psychology university Innsbruck

1.10.2008 Head of the department of the institute of psychology

Homepage: www.leidlmair.at

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