After Rhetoric: The Study of Discourse Beyond Language and Culture

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SIU Press, May 26, 1999 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 271 pages
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Aware that categorical thinking imposes restrictions on the ways we communicate, Stephen R. Yarbrough proposes discourse studies as an alternative to rhetoric and philosophy, both of which are structuralistic systems of inquiry.

Discourse studies, Yarbrough argues, does not support the idea that languages, cultures, or conceptual schemes in general adequately describe linguistic competence. He asserts that a belief in languages and cultures "feeds a false dichotomy: either we share the same codes and conventions, achieving community but risking exclusivism, or we proliferate differences, achieving choice and freedom but risking fragmentation and incoherence." Discourse studies, he demonstrates, works around this dichotomy.

Drawing on philosopher Donald Davidson, Yarbrough establishes the idea that community can be a consequence of communication but is not a prerequisite for it. By disassociating our thinking from conceptual schemes, we can avoid the problems that come with believing in an abstract structure that predates any utterance.

Yarbrough also draws on Mikhail Bakhtin's dialogism to define how utterances operate in life and to show how utterances are involved with power and how power relates to understanding. His discussion of Michel Meyer's problematology treats the questions implied by a statement as the meaning of the statement.

Yarbrough introduces readers to a credible theoretical framework for focusing on discourse rather than on conceptual schemes that surround it and to the potential advantages of our using this approach in daily life.

 

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Contents

Power Motive and Discourse Studies
16
Making Ground
51
Cultural Mystique
80
Language a Field of Force
108
The Pragmatic Way
158
The Problematological Way
186
Appendix
245
Works Cited
257
Index
267
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About the author (1999)

Stephen R. Yarbrough is an associate professor and director of graduate studies in English at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. His books include Deliberate Criticism: Toward a Postmodern Humanism, Delightful Conviction: Jonathan Edwards and the Rhetoric of Conversion, and Irving Babbitt.

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