After the Breakthrough: The Emergence of High-Temperature Superconductivity as a Research Field

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Cambridge University Press, Aug 22, 2002 - Science - 224 pages
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The discovery of high-temperature superconductivity was hailed as a major scientific breakthrough, inducing an unprecedented wave of excitement and expectation among the scientific community and in the international press. This book sets this research breakthrough in context, and reconstructs the history of the discovery. The authors analyze the emergence of this new research field and the way its development was shaped by scientists and science policy makers. They also examine the various institutional and national settings in which the research was undertaken as well as considering the scientific backgrounds and motivations of researchers who entered the field following the original discovery.
 

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Contents

Introduction the emergence of a new research field
1
12 The extended laboratory and its constraints
5
13 Our study
8
14 Scope and outline of this book
10
The context of the discovery
14
22 Technological optimism revisited
19
the discovery of hightemperature superconductivity
27
24 The euphoric phase
33
the role of policy
116
Science and the media newspapers and their HTS story
127
51 Science in the public space
128
52 Analyzing our newspaper sample
132
53 The public history of HTS
135
54 The ingredients of a scientific success story and their national variations
145
scientific competition and the media
154
The innovation machinery of science the case of HTS
160

25 The return to normality
38
Reconfiguring actors and knowledge the organization of a new research field
44
31 Reconfiguring in different institutional settings
47
32 Shaping the research environment
53
33 Communication cooperation and competition
60
the social reality of research
67
Academic research science policy and the industrial connection setting up national hightemperature superconductivity programs
72
USA Japan the UK and Germany
75
the Netherlands Switzerland and Austria
96
basic science becomes useful
161
62 Globalization competition and cooperation
171
63 Scientific creativity preparedness and the organization of research
181
64 The innovation machinery of science at work
189
Main events in the history of superconductivity before the discovery by Müller Bednorz
194
Chronology of important events in hightemperature superconductivity in the early phase
198
References
199
Index
206
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