Against All Odds: A Chronicle of the Eritrean Revolution
Journalist Dan Connell weaves a tapestry of anecdotes, observations and analysis to recount how the Eritreans - fighting with captured weapons, uncommon courage, ingenuity and determination - defeated not one, but two Ethiopian armies to win their long-sought independence. After a commando attack in the besieged Eritrean capital triggers brutal reprisals, we travel behind the lines to meet the liberation fighters - engineers, doctors, teachers, flight attendants, auto mechanics, farmers and shepherds who make common cause not only to free their country but to recreate it. We encounter them in remote villages, clandestine camps and front-line trenches where they school their diverse fellow citizens - Muslims and Christians from nine ethnic groups - in the arts of grassroots democracy. Campaigns for land reform and women's equality strengthen, rather than divide, the nationalist movement. Connell takes us from Eritrea's near victory over Haile Selassie's U.S. backed army in the 1970s to the final rout of the Soviet-backed military junta that later ruled Ethiopia. During the sharply escalated combat, more than a million people are displaced. Then drought and famine ravage the country. Connell shows how international aid brings temporary relief but fails to address the causes of the disaster. In the 1980s the Eritreans recast the left politics with which they, like most 1960s movements, began. The result, Connell shows, is a unique fusion of nationalist and democratic values. Newly independent in 1993, the Eritreans embark upon the next phase of their bold social experiment - one that bears watching closely by all those animated by egalitarian values and commitments to social justice.
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On the Road to Eritrea
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Addis Ababa Adi Qayeh Afabet Africa Agordat Amharic armed artillery Asmara Barka base battle began border campaign camps captured civilian colonial commander committee Decamare democratic Derg early economic EPLF EPLF cadres EPLF fighters EPLF leaders EPLF's Eritrea Ethiopian Army Ethiopian forces Fana farmers fighting Goitom grain guerrilla Haile Selassie highlands independence internal interview Isaias Isaias Afwerki issues Italian joined Kassala Keren Khartoum land later launched liberation front liberation movement living Massawa Mendefera Mengistu military months Muslim Nacfa nationalist night organized peasants Photo political population Red Sea refugees regime relief retreat revolution revolutionary road rural Sabbe Sahel Sebhat Sebhat Ephrem social Soviet Union struggle Sudan Sudanese tanks Tessenei Tigray Tigrinya tion told took towns TPLF troops trucks units village women workers Zagher