Confronting the Odds: African American Entrepreneurship in Cleveland, Ohio

Front Cover
Kent State University Press, 2002 - Business & Economics - 202 pages
0 Reviews
An interest in the history of African American entrepreneurship has produced a number of studies of economic development on the national level, but very few have examined this growth at the local level. Against All Odds was written to bridge that gap. Bessie House Soremekun provides a historical analysis of black entrepreneurship in Cleveland, Ohio, from the early 1800s to the present day. Soremekun's statistical analysis of the factors that contributed to the success of African American businesses in Cleveland is supported by extensive research, and her policy recommendations about how entrepreneurship could be stimulated through public and private programs are thought provoking. In addition, examining historical and current trends of African American entrepreneurship, Soremekun presents brief biographies of several successful entrepreneurs, among them best-selling author George Fraser and internationally acclaimed architect Robert P. Madison. The book also documents the life histories of business owners who have had unsuccessful business experiences, compares black male and female business owners, and offers insights into why some businesses succeed while others fail. Against All

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.


African American Entrepreneurship at the National Level
The Historical Development of the African American Community in Cleveland and the BlackOwned Business Sector 17951895
Black Business Development in Cleveland 18951960
Black Economic and Political Development in the Contemporary Period 19602002
The Contemporary Condition of BlackOwned Businesses in Cleveland
The Continuum of Black Business Success Why Some Firms Succeed While Others Fail
Biographical Sketches of African American Entrepreneurs
Conclusions and Public Policy Recommendations
Methodology for Chapter 5
Research Design Methodology and Operationalization of Variables for Chapter 6
Selected Bibliography

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

About the author (2002)

Bessie House-Soremekun is the executive director and founder of the Minority Business Program and associate professor in the Department of Political Science at Kent State University.

Bibliographic information