Against Capitalism: The European Left on the March
Typically the gains in living standards and political rights of Europeans are presented as flowing from the good graces of industrial capitalism. In reality, as this book proves, it was the massive, militant struggle of millions of average persons who forced concessions such as the welfare state and free elections to Parliament. Without understanding the revolutionary vision and the pressure it placed on European rulers, it is difficult to understand contemporary society.
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European Radicalism in the 1870s
Birth and Development of Left Radicalism after 1871
Splits within the European Left Before World War 1
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anarchism anarchists anti-Semitism anti-socialist law antiwar army attempt August Bebel Austrian average became believed Bernstein Boer Bolsheviks bourgeois bourgeoisie Britain British capitalism capitalist colonial Communist conflict Congress councils Czarist delegates democracy economic elections Empire Europe European left European Radicalism existed factories fight forced France French Hungarian industrial International Working Men's Irish Italian Italy IWMA Karl Karl Kautsky Karl Liebknecht Kautsky labor leaders leftists Lenin Liebknecht London major Marx Marxist mass strike massive Men's Association military nations nineteenth century organization Paris Commune parliament particularly peace peasantry peasants Petersburg soviet police political pro-war proletarian Provisional Government reformist reforms repression republic revolution revolutionary left revolutionary movement Rosa Luxemburg Russia Second International Social Democrats Socialist International socialist movement socialist parties society soldiers soviets struggle syndicalists tion tionary trade unions troops Trotsky twentieth century urban vote Wilhelm Liebknecht women workers York Zimmerwald