Ageing in insecurity: case studies on social security and gender in India and Burkina Faso

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Willemijn de Jong
LIT Verlag Münster, 2005 - Political Science - 394 pages
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The ethnographic case studies conducted in rural and ur-ban India and Burkina Faso show that large parts of the poor population are aging in insecurity. Not only is public support insufficient, but family support is limited. The issue of gender is a special focus of interest in this volume. The book contributes to the expanding field of social security studies in the social sciences that try to answer crucial issues in today's societies.

Willemijn de Jong is associate professor at the Institute of Social Anthropology, University of Zurich, Switzerland. Claudia Roth is a researcher and lecturer at the Institute of Social Anthropology, University of Zurich, Switzerland. Fatoumata Badini-Kinda is a lecturer at the Faculty of Sociology at the University of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Seema Bhagyanath teaches at the Department of Sociology, University of Pune, India.


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Page 31 - ... which includes civil, political and social rights and obligations. By formally linking citizenship to membership in a community rather than to the state, as liberal definitions of citizenship do, Marshall's definition enables us analytically to discuss citizenship as a multi-tier construct, which applies to people's membership in a variety of collectivities - local, ethnic, national and trans-nationaL...
Page 25 - Empirically, social security refers to the social phenomena with which the abstract domain of social security is filled: efforts of individuals, groups of individuals and organisations to overcome insecurities related to their existence, that is, concerning food and water, shelter, care and physical and mental health, education and income, to the extent that the contingencies are not considered a purely individual responsibility, as well as the intended and unintended consequences of these efforts
Page 23 - In a recent ILO publication social security is defined as "benefits that society provides to individuals and households - through public and collective measures - to guarantee them a minimum standard of living and to protect them against low or declining living standards arising out of a number of basic risks and needs
Page 31 - I99laI it is important not to view 'the community' as a given natural unit. Collectivities and 'communities' are ideological and material constructions. whose boundaries. structures and norms are a result of constant processes of struggles and negotiations. or more general social developments (Anthias and Yuval-Davis. l992l. The moral imperative which interprets the 'good of the community...
Page 17 - ... Poverty and Deprivation The approach of focusing on capabilities and functionings can be used in a variety of evaluative problems.10 In the case of studying poverty, it is the failure to have the capability to achieve minimal levels of certain basic functionings that would occupy the centre of the stage. The capabilities to be adequately nourished, to be comfortably clothed, to avoid escapable morbidity and preventable mortality, and so on, become the appropriate focus variables.
Page 27 - ... implies the discourses and practices of people in a specific locality, as well as the conditions of social security in that locality, with reference to the context of the regional market, the nation-state and global economic and cultural influences. When we talk about "social security arrangement...

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About the author (2005)

Willemijn de Jong is a professor in the Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology at the University of Zurich.

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