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WHAT IS A FAT MOLECULE?
SATURATED AND UNSATURATED FATS
THE SHAPES OF FAT MOLECULES
SATURATED MONOUNSATURATED AND POLYUNSATURATED FATS
CHEMICALLY MODIFIED FATS
PARTIALLY HYDROGENATED AND HYDROGENATED FATS
READ THE LABEL
NATURE PRODUCES CIS FATS BUT CHEMICAL PROCESSING PRODUCES TRANS FATS
WHEN ZERO IS ZERO
OMEGA 3 FATTY ACIDS
18 carbon atoms 2pz orbital Absolutely Small acid carbon acid Figure 16.1 acid has 18 acid molecule all-trans configuration all-trans conformation amounts of trans angles ball-and-stick model bond between carbons bonded to carbons Capric acid triglyceride carbon bonds carbon-carbon double bond carbon-carbon single bond carbons 9 cell membranes cholesterol molecules cis conformation CIS FATS cis to trans docosahexaenoic acid DHA ethylene fatty acids four bonds four sp3 hybrid gauche and trans geometry grams of trans Grape seed oil high temperature high-temperature cooking hydrocarbon tails hydrogens bonded interconvert linolenic acid lipoproteins long hydrocarbon chain metal catalyst monounsaturated fat myristic acid n-butane number of carbons oil and safflower oil contains oleic acid Figure orbitals to form organic acid group oxygen palmitic acid partially hydrogenated oils plane polyunsaturated fat safflower oil saturated fat sp3 hybrid orbitals space-filling model stearic acid Figure sunflower tetrahedral trans conformations trans fats trigonal unsaturated fats