Agricultural Research in an Era of Adjustment: Policies, Institutions, and Progress

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Steven R. Tabor
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 1995 - Technology & Engineering - 201 pages
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Examines events in the economic history of Brazil over a 25-year period spanning its strong growth phase in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the high inflation which followed, and the external debt crisis of the 1980s. This study examines Brazil's economic history from 1964, when a military regime was instituted, to 1992, when Brazil's first popularly elected president in 25 years was forced from office on charges of corruption. The period witnessed unprecedented growth followed by high levels of inflation and soaring external debt. Reviewing the economic challenges of the 1970s, the author blames poor policymaking in response to two oil price shocks for the onset of high inflation. In addition, a series of failed stabilization efforts after the external debt crisis in 1982 slowed economic growth as investment plummeted. The author concludes with a discussion of the valuable lessons learned from the period. The most important lesson may be that an open economy can postpone essential but unpleasant adjustments to correct serious economic problems, but at a larger cost to society in the long-term. This postponement in Brazil has lead to decreased latitude for policymakers in the 1990s.
 

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