Agriculture, Peasantry and Poverty in Turkey in the Neo-liberal Age
This book investigates recent policies introduced into Turkey which are designed to reduce state activities and open up the country to international investment and trade. This is done in the context of the UNs Millennium Development Goals continuing to stretch into the distant future amid the ongoing instability of the global financial system and economic pressures on the West. The focus is on agriculture and the major effects of a deliberate restructuring of an agrarian economy as seen through the lens of the peasant, the village and poverty. This unique socioeconomic review of Turkey, which is generally thought to be a contemporary success story of the neo-liberal paradigm, argues for a new understanding of the destructive effects of global capitalism. Some issues addressed are the effects on Turkey's countryside as its agricultural sector has been catapulted onto the world market, how farming has changed and what this has meant for small-scale enterprises. Also discussed is how rural communities have fared, capital relations have been transformed in the process and the impact this has had on the nation's poor. Finally, the ways in which neo-liberalism has guided government's response to the new social needs is discussed along with how Turkey's experience parallels similar developments worldwide. This serves as a window to the reality of development at a time when the philosophy for growth underpinning development is facing an increasingly profound crisis of confidence worldwide.
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Part I Trends in Turkish agriculture since 1980
Part II Neoliberalism rural life and poverty in Turkey today
Appendix 2 Map of ecological zones in Turkey
Appendix 3 Drought and soil degredation map of Turkey
Appendix 4 Map of agricultural product production in Turkey
Appendix 5 Map of agricultural zones in Turkey
agrarian question agricultural activities agricultural enterprises agricultural marketing cooperatives agricultural products agricultural sector agriculture and rural agriculture in Turkey Anatolia animal husbandry approach average Aydın Buğra capital capital accumulation capitalist census centres cities context country’s crop farming cultivation decade decline developing countries economic effects employment engaged fertiliser figures gecekondu global growth hectares households increase inputs investments irrigation Istanbul Keyder köy Kurdish Kurds labour force land liberalisation living major microcredit migration million neo-liberal policies non-agricultural activities ofthe organisations peasant peasantry period political poor poverty reduction privatisation proportion reduced region relatively rise rural areas rural population rural-to-urban settlements share small enterprises small scale smallholders solidarity Source structure subsistence Table Textbox tractors trade transfers TÜİK Turkey Turkey’s Turkish agriculture Turkish lira urban areas village wage labour workers World Bank