Agriculture in Tanzania Since 1986: Follower Or Leader of Growth?
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 2000 - Business & Economics - 167 pages
Annotation In the early 1980s, Tanzania's agricultural exports collapsed. Subsequently, economic reforms were introduced to allow market forces to play a greater role in the economy. Since 1993, however, the government has spent less on agriculture. While a recent World Bank study argues that Tanzania should focus its investment on the urban sector, this report contends that investment in the agricultural sector has proven advantages. To support their argument, the authors ask: Is agriculture a lead sector for poverty alleviation in Tanzania or a follower? To address this topic, this report poses the following four questions concerning the place of agriculture in Tanzania's economy: * What is the overall effect of agricultural and macroeconomic reforms since 1986 on incentives in the agricultural sector? * What has been the performance of the agricultural sector in Tanzania since 1986? In particular, how can we reconcile figures showing a high rate of agricultural gross domestic product growth with stagnant food production data? * What are the trends and patterns in poverty and nutrition in Tanzania? What do they tell us about actual agricultural performance and needed priorities in economic development? * What is the role of agriculture in overall economic growth in Tanzania? How much priority should the government put on agricultural development compared to other sectors? The report was prepared by the International Food Policy Research Institute in collaboration with the World Bank, the Government of Tanzania, and local experts. The Governments of Denmark and Sweden financed most of the study that led to this report. The report will be of interest to policymakers in the agricultural sector.
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agricultural GDP agricultural production agricultural sector analysis animal products Arusha ASU/MAC average budget calculated capita cashew nut cassava CMEWU coefficient coffee comparative advantage consumption expenditure Cornell-ERB costs cotton crop production Dar-es-Salaam decline demand Dodoma domestic E-mail economic estimates farmers fertilizer prices Figure fisheries food consumption food crops food production food security growth rates HRDS important incentives income elasticity increased Iringa isolated markets Kigoma liberalization livestock maize maize production marketing margins Mbeya mixed cut Morogoro Mtwara Mwanza National Accounts Nile Perch non-tradable nutrition overall P.O. Box paddy percent peri-urban period poverty line production data real exchange rate Real Producer Price reforms regional Regression Regression Analysis relative rice rural areas rural households Ruvuma Sarris and Tinios Shinyanga sorghum/millet Source Staples Statistical Unit subsidies supply Table Tanzania tradable trade traditional export crops trends urban households variable wheat World Bank world prices Zanzibar
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Page 50 - ... knowledge — offer the best insights concerning short-term future sales. It typically works from the bottom up. Management consolidates salespeople's estimates first at the district level, then at the regional level, and finally nationwide to obtain an aggregate forecast of sales that reflects all three levels. The sales force composite approach has some weaknesses, however. Since salespeople recognize the role of their sales forecasts in determining sales quotas for their territories, they...