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lntroductionadvice to students
Food energy and nutrition
Mouth oesophagus and swallowing
27 other sections not shown
02 consumption absorption Action potential activity adrenal adrenaline afferent aldosterone aminoacids antibody antigen approx arterial baroreceptors Basal bile bladder blood flow body bone Ca2+ calcium capillary carbohydrate cardiac output centre chemoreceptors concentration contraction cortex cortisol decreased Deficiency discharge effects endometrium energy enzymes excreted factors fall fatty acids fibres fluid follicle function gastric gastrin glands glucose glycogen haemoglobin hair heart rate heat hormone hypoglycaemia hypothalamus hypoxia increases inhibited intake intestine kidney layer levels liver loss lungs mechanism membrane metabolism motoneurone movement muscle nerve neurones noradrenaline nucleus occurs oestrogen pathway peripheral peristalsis permeability phase pituitary plasma polypeptide pressure production progesterone Prolactin protein pulmonary reabsorption receptors red cell reduced reflex release Renal renin Respiratory response rise secretin secretion sensitive skin sphincter stimulation stomach Sympathetic synthesis temperature thyroid tissue tubules urine vagal vasoconstriction vasodilatation venous ventricular vessels volume