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Crisis adjustment and outlook of the steel industry
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approximately average basic oxygen basic oxygen furnace basic oxygen process big steel blast furnaces British Steel Corporation capacity capital cent changes coal competitive continuous casting crisis crude steel decisions decline demand direct reduced iron domestic steel industry Dortmund Duisburg dustry economic employment energy environmental European exports facilities Federal Republic Figure foreign Germany growth Hoesch imports improve increasing industrialised countries industry's innovation integrated steel investment Iron and Steel Japan Japanese steel Krupp major market share ment million tonnes mini-mills modernisation non-integrated North Rhine-Westphalia open-hearth operations output pollution problems profitability programmes protection rationalisation raw steel reduce region Republic of Germany requirements restructuring result Ruhr District scrap sector Source steel companies steel consumption steel industry Steel Institute steel mills steel plant steel production steelmaking steelworks strategy structural subsidies Table tion tons trade United utilisation