Air Force Academy: Gender and Racial Disparities : Report to the Chairman, Committee on Armed Services, U.S. Senate
This study evaluated the situation of women and minorities at the Air Force Academy addressing differences in performance indicators, cadets' perceptions, and Academy actions to enhance the success of women and minorities. Performance indicators for male and female cadets showed mixed results. Minority cadets had comparable physical fitness scores, lower academic admissions scores, lower academic grade point averages, and lower military performance averages than white cadets. Minorities were also subjected to more academic and honor reviews than whites. Minority cadets had higher attrition rates. A survey of cadets revealed perceptions that women and minorities generally received treatment equal to that of men and whites. However, a higher percentage of men than women perceived that women were treated better, and a slightly higher percentage of women than men perceived that they were treated worse. The study concluded that, although the Academy has taken a number of steps that should help women and minorities succeed at the Academy, it does not have a consolidated data base to analyze changes in student performance indicators and has not established criteria for determining when performance differences are significant. (Appendixes contain the Academy's review systems, methodology information, analysis of data, and list of contributors to the report.) (Author/JB)
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Percentage of Minority Groups in Student Body
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academic admissions scores academic grade point academic performance Academic Review Committee academic review system Academy Board Academy Indicators Reveal Academy officials Academy records Academy's Air Force Academy Air Officers Commanding analysis involved analysis of Academy assess athletic attrition rates Basic Cadet Training cadet leadership positions Cadet Wing Class Class Class class standings classes of 1988 cumulative military performance differences were significant Disciplinary Board entrance predictor composite female cadets five classes GAO analysis gender comparisons grade point averages graduating classes honor code Indicators Reveal Gender Indicators Reveal Racial Issues Involving Women lower academic admissions male and female male cadets military performance averages military performance grades minority and white Monitoring Cadets percentage performance indicators physical fitness scores physical fitness test predictor composite scores predictor variables programs Qualification Rates questionnaire regression analysis Reveal Gender Disparities Reveal Racial Disparities sampling error statistical significance top 15 percent white cadets Whites and Minorities women and minorities