Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application XVII

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Carlos Borrego, Ann-Lise Norman
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 28, 2006 - Nature - 744 pages
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In 1969 the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) established the Committee on Challenges of Modern Society (CCMS). The subject of air pol- tion was from the start, one of the priority problems under study within the fra- work of various pilot studies undertaken by this committee. The organization of a periodic conference dealing with air pollution modeling and its application has become one of the main activities within the pilot study relating to air pollution. The first five international conferences were organized by the United States as the pilot country; the second five by the Federal Republic of Germany; the third five by Belgium; the next four by The Netherlands; and the next five by Denmark; and with this one, the last three by Portugal. th This volume contains the papers and posters presented at the 27 NATO/CCMS International Technical Meeting on Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application held in Banff, Canada, 24-29 October 2004. The key topics at this ITM included: Role of Atmospheric Models in Air Pollution Policy and Abatement Strategies; Integrated Regional Modeling; Effects of Climate Change on Air Quality; Aerosols as Atmospheric Contaminants; New Developments; and Model Assessment and Verification. 104 participants from North and South America, Europe, Africa and Asia attended th the 27 ITM. The conference was jointly organized by the University of Aveiro, Portugal (Pilot Country) and by The University of Calgary, Canada (Host Country). A total of 74 oral and 22 poster papers were presented during the conference.
 

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Contents

A Photochemical Screening Tool Based on a Scale Analysis of Ozone
3
Modeling and Analysis of Ozone and Nitrogen Oxides in the Southeast
13
An Investigation of Local Anthropogenic Effects on Photochemical
20
Forecasting Urban Meteorology Air Pollution and Population Exposure
29
Models3CMAQ Simulations to Estimate Transboundary Influences
41
CostOptimized Air Pollution Control Using HighOrder Sensitivity
48
Seasonal Evaluation of EU Road Traffic Emission Abatement Strategies
59
Risk Based Approaches to Assessing the Environmental Burden of Acid
68
All for One One for All
371
Mixing in Very Stable Conditions
391
Air Quality Ensemble Forecast Over the Lower Fraser Valley
399
A Variable TimeStep Alogrithm for Air Quality Models
411
Do Time
421
Wind Tunnel Study of the Exchange Between a Street Canyon
430
An Example of Application of Data Assimilation Technique and Adjoint
438
A New Modelling System for the Simulation
449

of Traffic Flows and Associated Air Quality
77
Concentrations of Toxic Air Pollutants in the U S Simulated
87
A Numerical Study of Recirculation Processes in the Lower Fraser Valley
97
Application of a Comprehensive Acid Deposition Model in Support
109
Modeling SourceReceptor Relationships and Health Impacts
119
Evaluation of Local Ozone Production of Chamonix Valley France
129
Alternative Approaches to Diagnosing Ozone Production Regime
140
Analysis of Seasonal Changes of Atmospheric Aerosols on Different
149
Interaction Between Meteorological and Dispersion Models
158
Modeling Photochemical Pollution in the Northeastern Iberian Peninsula
167
Modeling the Weekend Effect in the Northeastern Iberian Peninsula
177
Transport and Deposition Patterns of Ozone and Aerosols in
187
On the Formulation and Implementation of Urban Boundary Conditions
197
Computational Model for Transient Pollutants Dispersion in City
207
Air Quality in Future Decades Determining the Relative Impacts
217
Calculated Feedback Effects of Climate Change Caused
227
Dimethyl Sulphide DMS and its Oxidation to Sulphur Dioxide Downwind
237
A Comparison Study
247
Source Apportionment of Primary Carbonaceous Aerosol Using
257
Urban Population Exposure to Particulate Air Pollution Induced
267
Numerical Simulation of Air Concentration and Deposition
277
Aerosol Production in the Marine Boundary Layer Due to Emissions
286
Modelling the Atmospheric Transport and Environmental Fate
295
Transport Analysis of Aerosol
303
Direct Radiative Forcing due to Anthropogenic Aerosols in East
312
Modelling Fine Aerosol and Black Carbon over Europe to Address
321
An Approach to Simulation of LongRange Atmospheric Transport
331
Parcel and 3D Simulations
340
A Test of Thermodynamic Equilibrium Models and 3D Air Quality
351
Comparison of Aggregated and Measured Turbulent Fluxes
363
New Developments on RAMSHg Model
459
Adaptation of Analytic Diffusivity Formulations to Eulerian Grid Model
468
Particulate Matter Source Apportionment Technology PSAT
478
Testing Physics and Chemistry Sensitivities in the U S EPA Community
495
RealTime Regional Air Quality Modelling in Support of the ICARTT
505
High TimeResolved Comparisons for InDepth Probing of CMAQ
515
Sensitivity Analysis of the EUROS Model for the 2003 Summer Smog
525
A Performance Evaluation of the 2004 Release of Models3
534
Objective Reduction of the SpaceTime Domain Dimensionality
543
Cloud Processing of Gases and Aerosols in a Regional Air Quality Model
553
Evaluation of an Annual Simulation of Ozone and Fine
562
Evaluation of CMAQ PM Results Using Sizeresolved Field
571
The U K Met Offices NextGeneration Atmospheric Dispersion Model
580
An Operational Evaluation of ETACMAQ Air Quality Forecast Model
590
AURAMSPacific2001 Measurement Intensive Comparison
599
Analyzing the Validity of Similarity Theories in Complex
608
Siting and Exposure of Meteorological Instruments at Urban Sites
615
The Effect of the Street Canyon Length on the Street Scale Flow Field
632
Limitations of Air Pollution Episodes Forecast due to BoundaryLayer
641
POSTERS
651
Source Term Assessment from OffSite Gamma Radiation
659
Comparison of Different Turbulence Models Applied to Modelling
669
Application of BackTrajectory Techniques to the Characterization
677
Influence of the Autocorrelation Function in the Derivation of Fundamental
689
Simulation of the Dispersion of Pollutants Considering Nonlocal Effects
695
Skills Comparison of Three Canadian Regional Air Quality Models
703
On the Comparison of Nesting of Lagrangian AirPollution Model Smog
711
Nonlinear Models to Forecast Ozone Peaks
721
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About the author (2006)

Carlos Borrego is Professor of Environmental Engineering and Air Pollution Modeling at the University of Aveiro (Portugal). Former Minister of Environment (Portuguese Government) and President of the European Union delegation to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio 1992). Chairman of the International Technical Meetings of NATO/CCMS.

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