Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries
Gordon McGranahan, Frank Murray
Routledge, 2003 - Medical - 227 pages
In developing countries the price of rapid growth is all too often noxious airborne pollution, which annually contributes to a disturbing number of avoidable deaths. In recent decades, however, there has been considerable progress in the epidemiology of air pollution, significant changes in international air pollution guidelines, and the emergence of more systematic approaches to air pollution control. While many of these advances have originated in affluent countries, there have been major developments in other parts of the world.In this book, a distinguished cast of leading researchers in both the scientific and policy dimensions of air pollution and health have synthesized the recent developments in the field and their relevance for public health in developing countries. The authors review studies from a wide range of Asian, African and Latin American countries and contrast the findings with those from Europe and North America. They also describe various tools and systems for air pollution management and emphasize approaches that can be used when data is scarce. With a clear focus on the scientific and technical aspects of air pollution and health, this book is essential reading for pollution and health policy-makers, researchers and others concerned with air pollution and health in developing countries.
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Air Pollution and Health in Developing Countries The Context
A Matter of Scale
2 Air Pollution and Health Studies in the Americas and Europe
A Review of Epidemiological Evidence
4 Local Ambient Air Quality Management
Making Optimal Use of Data for Policy and Decisionmaking
Examples from the URBAIR Cities
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acute air quality guidelines air quality management air quality standards ambient ambient air pollution analysis areas assessment associated benzene biofuels biomass cancer carbon monoxide carcinogenic cardiovascular cent chapter chronic combustion compounds control options costs daily mortality developing countries diesel exhaust Dockery economic effects of air emissions environment Environmental Health Environmental Protection epidemiological epidemiological studies estimates Europe example fuel global Guangzhou health effects health impacts Hong Kong hospital admissions household increase India indoor air pollution industrial Johannesburg lower respiratory measures middle income countries million monitoring motor vehicles motorcycles Mumbai National nitrogen dioxide Ostro outdoor oxides ozone particulate air pollution particulate matter PM10 concentrations pollutant concentrations pollution and health pollution control pollution levels population potential problems programmes reduce region relationships respiratory disease respiratory symptoms risk factors Romieu Santiago smoke sources strategies sulphur dioxide toxic urban air Vaal Triangle World Health Organization