Aircraft Weight and Balance Handbook: FAA-H-8083-1A

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Skyhorse Publishing Inc., 2011 - Technology & Engineering - 96 pages
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The Aircraft Weight and Balance Handbook is the official U.S. government guidebook for pilots, flight crews, and airplane mechanics. Beginning with the basic principles of aircraft weight and balance control, this manual goes on to cover in exacting detail the procedures for weighing aircraft. It also offers a thorough discussion of the methods used to determine the location of an aircrafts empty weight and center of gravity (CG), including information for an A&P mechanic to determine weight changes caused by repairs or alterations.

 

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Contents

Chapter 1
Weight Control
Effects of Weight
Weight Changes
Stability and Balance Control
Weight Control for Aircraft other than Fixed and Rotorwing
Chapter 2
The Law of the Lever
Aft AdverseLoaded CG Check
Ballast
Temporary Ballast
Permanent Ballast
Chapter 6
Determining the Loaded CG of a Helicopter
Effects of Offloading Passengers and Using Fuel
Chapter 7

Determining the CG
Shifting the CG
Basic Weight and Balance Equation
Solution by Formula
Shifting the Airplane CG
Weight and Balance Documentation
Data Pertinent to Individual Models
Empty Weight CG Range
Maximum Baggage Structural Limit
Oil Capacity Wet Sump
ManufacturerFurnished Information
Chapter 3
Equipment for Weighing
Preparation for Weighing
Equipment List
Oil
Other Fluids
Leveling the Aircraft
Safety Considerations
Determining the Center of Gravity
Two Ways to Express CG Location
EmptyWeight Center of Gravity Formulas
Datum Forward of the AirplaneNose Wheel Landing Gear
Datum Aft of the Main Wheels Nose Wheel Landing Gear
Location of Datum
Datum Aft of the Main Wheels Tail Wheel Landing Gear
Location with Respect to the Mean Aerodynamic Chord
Chapter 4
Determining the Loaded Weight and CG
Loading Graph Method
Loading Graph
Compute Weight and Balance Using the Loading Graph
Multiengine Airplane Weight and Balance Computations
Determine the Loaded CG
Determining the CG in Percent of MAC
The Chart Method Using Weight and Moment Indexes
Chapter 5
Weight and Balance Revision Record
Weight Changes Caused by a Repair or Alteration
Computations Using Weight and Moment Indexes
AdverseLoaded CG Checks
Forward AdverseLoaded CG Check
Determining the Empty Weight and EWCG
Determining the Loaded CG of the Airplane in Percent MAC
On Board Aircraft Weighing System
Determining the Correct Stabilizer Trim Setting
Determining CG Changes Caused by Modifying the Cargo
Effects of Onloading Cargo
Effects of Shifting Cargo from One Hold to Another
Determining Cargo Pallet Loads with Regard to Floor Loading Limits
Determining the Maximum Amount of Payload That Can Be Carried
Determining the Landing Weight
Determining the Minutes of Fuel Dump Time
Weight and Balance of Commuter Category Airplanes
Determining the Loaded Weight and CG
Determining the Changes in CG When Passengers are Shifted
Determining Changes in Weight and CG When the Airplane is Operated in its Cargo Configuration
Determining the CG Shift When Cargo is Moved From One Section to Another
Determining the CG Shift When Cargo is Added or Removed
Chapter 8
Using an E6B Flight Computer to Solve Weight and Balance Problems
Using a Dedicated Electronic Flight Computer to Solve Weight and Balance Problems
Typical Weight and Balance Problems
Determining CG in Inches From the Datum
Nose Wheel Airplane with Datum Behind the Main Wheels
Tail Wheel Airplane with Datum Ahead of the Main Wheels
Determining CG Given Weights and Arms
Determining CG Given Weights and Moment Indexes
Determining CG in Percent of Mean Aerodynamic Chord
Determining Lateral CG of a Helicopter
DeterminingCG Caused by Shifting Weights
Determining Weight Shifted to Cause SpecifiedCG
Determining Distance Weight is Shifted to Move CG a Specific Distance
Determining Amount of Ballast Needed to Move CG to a Desired Location
Appendix
Glossary
Index
D
F
M
S
W
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), established in 1958, strives to “provide the safest, most efficient aerospace system in the world.”

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