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Results and Discussion
Summary and Conclusions
2 other sections not shown
air injection air intake alaryngeal speaker alaryngeal speech alveolar ridge articulation artificial larynx barium bib blowing bulge cavity cent cephalad cervical cinefluorograms clinical clinician compressed consonant sounds cricopharyngeus Damste esophageal air esophageal phonation esophageal sound esophageal speakers frame fricative glossal press glosso-pharyngeal press glottis hard palate hyoid bone hypopharynx indicated inhalation intonation intraoral-pharyngeal air intraphrase interval klunking laryngec laryngectomee lateral spot films learn esophageal speech length lips lumen maneuver measured method of air modified Valsalva months morphology nasal nasal consonants neck neoglottis normal noted observed occur P-E junction P-E segment palatal contact patient pharyngo-esophageal junction phonemes plosive consonants poor speakers posterior pharyngeal wall postoperative prephonation procedures produced pulmonary air reported soft palate speech rating speech skill speech training stoma subjects superior surface surgery swallow syllables Table talk tion tissue tongue tip trap air Valsalva maneuver velopharyngeal closure vibrator voice voiceless voiceless consonants vowel width x-ray