Alban and St Albans: Roman and medieval architecture, art and archaeology
British Archaeological Association, 2001 - Architecture - 270 pages
This lavishly illustrated volume, the transactions of a conference held in the summer of 1999, reviews religious activity at St Albans from the Iron Age until the end of the Middle Ages. For most of the Roman period Verulamium was a major pagan sanctuary, but in Christian times the focus of cult shifted to the site of the later church where it was associated with a Romano-British martyr. New evidence considered here ranges from the Biddles' epoch-making excavation of the Roman cemetery on the abbey site to a sensational new reconstruction of the early 5th century Passion of Alban by Richard Sharpe. Many contributions review the fabric and fittings of the medieval abbey. Studies of the former include papers on the re-use of Roman building materials in the Middle Ages, the Romanesque sculpture of St Albans and its environs, the lost 13th century west front, the Gothic reconstruction of the nave and presbytery and the 14th century timber roof of the central tower. Essays on the fittings of the church include a detailed investigation of a Coptic cross depicted by Matthew Paris and papers on the 12th century Purbeck-marble shrine table, the 15th century chantry of Duke Humphrey, and the magnificent great screen of the abbey. The historical aspects of research into St Albans also receive attention and there are papers on subjects as diverse as the late Saxon belief that King Offa refounded the abbey and the attempts of the monks to promote the cult of St Alban in the late Middle Ages, attempts whose tangible results at a popular level are reflected by pilgrim badges of St Alban found at London and elsewhere. Future research into the protomartyr of Britain as well as many other aspects of St Albans' history, archaeology and art will have to start with this volume.
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Religion and Art in St Albans City
The late antique Passion of St Alban
RomanoBritish Cemetery and AngloSaxon Monastery
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14th century Abbey Church Abbot aisle Amphibalus angled holes Anglo-Saxon arcade Archaeology arches architectural Auban building Caerleon Canterbury Cathedral cemetery chantry chapel chapter house Christian coffin Cotton cross cult decorated detail Duke Humphrey's Chantry Dunstable early east England English evidence foliage font fragment Germanus Gesta abbatum Gildas Gorron Gothic graves Henry V's Chantry Hertfordshire high altar Inscription John Kjolbye-Biddle late Roman later London Malcolm Thurlby manuscript Martin Biddle martyr martyrdom Matthew Paris medieval monks monument Museum nave Norman Offa original Oxford palmette palmette frieze Passio Piece piers presbytery probably Psalter Purbeck marble re-used Roman Britain Romanesque Romano-British Saint Alban screen sculpture shafts Shrine of St side slab St Albans Abbey St Albans Cathedral St Amphibalus stone suggest surviving temple tomb Totternhoe stone tower transept triforium vault Verulamium Vie de Seint wall west front Westminster Abbey Whethamstede Winchester