Alchemists of Human Nature: Psychological Utopianism in Gross, Jung, Reich and Fromm
This is the first book-length study of Modernist utopias of the mind. Pietikainen examines the psychodynamic writings of Otto Gross, C G Jung, Wilhelm Reich and Erich Fromm. After they broke from Freud and orthodox psychoanalysis, Pietikainen argues, utopianism became increasingly important to the fundamental ambitions of all four thinkers. He shows how Gross's Matriarchal Communism, Jung's Archetypal Cosmos, Reich's Orgonomic Functionalism and Fromm's Socialist Humanism were attempts to reshape social structures and human relations by conquering the Unconscious. Pietikainen places the 'utopian impulse' with the historical context of the large, violent socio-political narratives of the early twentieth century. This innovative interdisciplinary book contributes to ongoing scholarly and professional discussions about the historicity versus the universality of human nature.
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The Nature of Psychological Utopianism
Psychoanalysis and the Conquest of
Utopianism in Otto Gross
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A. S. Neill alienation analysis anarchism anarchist archetypal argued authentic authors became become believe Berlin Burgholzli C. G. Jung character character structure clinic Collected Communist concept consciousness cultural dementia developed early Erich Fromm Eros Etkind Frankfurt Franz Jung freedom Freud Freudian function Funk German German revolution geschlechtlicher human nature humanist Ibid ideas ideology individual inner nature Institute intellectual Jung's Jungian letter living London Marx Marx's Marxist matriarchy mental Messianic modern moral movement myth National Socialism Orgone Energy Orgonomic Otto Gross patriarchal personality philosopher political positive illusions prophet psyche psychiatry psychic psychoanalysis psychodynamic psychological utopianism psychology psychoutopian published radical Reich and Fromm religion religious revolution revolutionary Russian Sane Society scholars scientific Second Reality sexual Socialist Humanism sociocultural structure Swiss theory thinkers thinking tion tradition trans transformation Trotsky twentieth century unconscious University Press utopian thought Vienna vision Western Wilhelm Reich women writings wrote York