Alchemy of the Word: Cabala of the Renaissance

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SUNY Press, Apr 2, 1998 - Religion - 364 pages
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Alchemy of the Word is a study of the literary, philosophical, and cultural ramifications of Cabala during the Renaissance. Important intellectual figures from 1490 to 1690 are considered, including Agrippa, Dee, Spenser, Shakespeare, Browne, and Milton; Cabala’s more recent impact is also discussed. Cabala, a hermeneutic style of Biblical commentary of Jewish origin, is based on the notion that, along with an inscribed Decalogue, Moses received a secret, oral supplement that provides a symbolic, allegorical, and moral qualification of the literal law of religion.

Building on the work of Gershom Scholem, Joseph Blau, Harold Bloom, François Secret, Michel de Certeau, and Arthur Waite, Beitchman takes a fresh look at the “mystical” text through the lens of postmodernist theory. In a model developed from Deleuze-Guattari’s “nomadology” to explore issues related to the Zohar, he shows that Cabala was a deconstruction of Renaissance authority. Like deconstruction, Cabala presents familiar material from novel and sometimes provocative perspectives. It allows space for modifiability, tolerance and humanity, by widening the margins between the letter of the law and the demands of an existence whose rules were so rapidly changing.

An exercise in the literary analysis of “sacred texts” and an examination of the mystical element in literary works, Alchemy of the Word is also an experiment in new historicism. It shows how the reincarnation theories of F. M. Van Helmont, which impacted heavily on the seventeenth century English cabalistic circle of Henry More and Ann Conway, demonstrate at once the originality and boldness of Cabala, but also its desperation, constituting a theoretical parallel to the continental “acting out” of the Sabbatian heresy. Because of the debacle of the Sabbatian apostasy (conversion to Islam), Cabala subsequently declined in importance as a religious devotion, becoming either a matter of cults and heterodoxies or being sublimated into literary theory and practice.
 

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Contents

In the Beginning
1
Scholem and Benjamin
7
The Zohar
9
The Two Sources of Morality and Religion
15
Losing the Reader
23
Exile and the Bride of Sabbath
30
Lilith and the Shekinah
38
Cabala and the Medieval Manichees
47
Cabala as Beginning
104
The Paradox of Secrecy
108
Bibliographica Kabbalistica
115
Topics in Cabala
117
The Dissemination of Cabala
169
Cabala as Motif
187
The Kiss of the Spouse Cabala in England 14971700
209
Cabala Shakespeare and The School of Night
210

People of the Book
52
Cabala as Rhizome
55
The One and the Two Many
60
The Secret of Agrippa
65
Picos Conclusions
67
Reuchlins Art
71
Cabala between Freud and Jung
78
Agrippas Open Secret
79
Agrippa and His Shadow
88
The Two Laws
95
Cabala as Fad
100
The Cabalas of the Age of Elizabeth
215
HEnoch Clapham RedivivusAncient Theology and the Protestant Preacher
219
The Other John Davies
232
Inebriation as Ascent
236
The Occult Sir Thomas Browne
245
Cabala in the Baroque Renaissance
258
Notes
293
Bibliography
321
Index
341
Copyright

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About the author (1998)

Philip Beitchman, author of I Am a Process With No Subject, has also translated books by Jean Baudrillard and Paul Virilio from French to English.

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