Alcohol Regulation and Violence Towards Children
In recent years, economists have paid much attention to the demand for alcohol and the negative externalities associated with excessive drinking. Largely ignored in the literature is the link between alcohol use and domestic violence. Given the established positive relationship between alcohol consumption and acts of violence, the purpose of this paper is to examine the role changes in the determinants of the demand for alcohol may play in reducing the incidence of violence aimed at children. Data on violence come from the 1976 Physical Violence in American Families survey. We estimate a reduced form demand model in which violent outcomes are affected by the state excise tax rate on beer, illegal drug prices and other regulatory variables such as availability measures and laws restricting advertising of alcohol. Results show that increasing the tax on beer can be an effective policy tool in reducing violence. Laws designed to make obtaining beer more difficult may also be effective in reducing violence, while restrictions on advertising and increases in illegal drug prices have no effects.
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acts of overall acts of violence advertising variables alcohol consumption American Families survey Austan Goolsbee availability measures beer tax billboards advertising bit or hit Chaloupka Chi-squared child abuse coefficients demand for alcohol dependent variable dichotomous indicator Dichotomous variable domestic violence dry counties Equation estimates excise tax rate F-statistic female frequency of violence full price Hispanic history of violence hit or tried hit with fist http://www.nber.org illegal drug prices income increases knife or gun link between alcohol marginal effects Marijuana decriminalization Michael Grossman monetary costs NBER Working Papers number of acts Number of outlets Omitted variable bias overall violence p-values Papers and Reprints Parents hit partial subscriptions Physical Violence price of alcohol probability of severe probit reducing violence respondent Sara Markowitz severe violence statistically significant studies Table tax on beer tried to hit variable that equals victim Violence in American violence scale violence towards children World Wide Web