Alcoholism in North America, Europe, and Asia
John E. Helzer, Glorisa J. Canino
Oxford University Press, 1992 - Medical - 325 pages
This volume represents a landmark in the important and rapidly expanding literature of cross-cultural epidemiology that has been made possible by the worldwide popularity of the DSM-III and the multi-national use of a single survey instrument: the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS). Reviewing population survey findings across ten regions of North America, Europe, and Asia, this study is the first direct cross-national comparison of personal interview data on alcoholism, including prevalence rates and risk factors. The book carefully describes the background of the various surveys and the methods of analysis and comparison. Chapters on each region describe the prevalence of drinking problems, the symptomatic expression of alcoholism in that culture, aspects of the cultural background that are relevant to drinking behavior, and the association between alcoholism and other psychiatric disorders. Of particular importance in this volume is the inclusion of a chapter on alcoholism in the Socialist Republic of China, from which very little scientific information has been readily available. The inclusion of eastern and western cultural perspectives offers insight into both universal and culturally distinct aspects of alcoholism. The volume is essential reading for psychiatrists, epidemiologists, sociologists, and alcohol theorists, researchers and clinicians.
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Epidemiology and CrossNational Comparisons
Development of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule
Contributions of Anthropology and Sociology
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abuse and dependence abuse and/or dependence age group alco alcohol abuse alcohol abuse and/or alcohol abuse/dependence alcohol consumption alcohol dependence alcohol disorders alcohol problems alcohol symptoms alcohol-related problems alcoholic beverages American Indians American Psychiatric Association antisocial personality antisocial personality disorder assessment Babor beer Chapter China Chinese Christchurch clinical compared correlates countries cross-cultural cross-national cultural demographic depression diagnostic criteria Diagnostic Interview Schedule differences drinkers drinking patterns Drug DSM-III dysthymia Edmonton ethnic Female frequency heavy drinking Helzer higher Hispanic holism household intoxication Korean lifetime prevalence lifetime symptoms liquor major male mean age mean number mental disorders Mental Health Mexican Americans National NIMH nonalcoholics percent population prevalence of alcoholism prevalence rates psychiatric disorders Puerto Rico rates of alcohol reported respondents Ricans risk factors Robins rural areas sample Schizophrenia Seoul Shanghai social Statistical survey Table Taipei Taiwan tion Total townships women Zealand