All Things New: American Communes and Utopian Movements, 1860-1914

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Lexington Books, 2003 - History - 286 pages
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From the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries America has been both a haven for utopian dreamers and a fertile ground for experiments in community. Closely examining the decades from the Civil War to World War I, Robert S. Fogarty provides the first comprehensive study of a neglected chapter in the history of American utopian and communal experiments. Countering the view that utopianism declined dramatically after the 1840s, Fogarty uncovers a wealth of utopian experiments across the United States from 1860 to 1914. He examines some 125 communities and their leaders, ranging from the secular and entreprenurial to the charismatic and mystical. These engrossing tales of communes gain both authority and vitality from his exhaustive research in primary sources, including newspapers, journals, and letters and from the inclusion of historic photographs of colonists and prophets. Fogarty's arguments reflect recurrent cultural forces in American history, as he defines new territory in the history of utopian and communal movements. This trenchant work, accompanied by its new foreword, offers a fresh perspective on the persistent theme of defining community and self.
 

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Contents

Enclaves of Difference The Communal Pattern
1
Behold a White Horse Visions and Journeys
24
Hard Times Common Land and Common Labor
98
New Movements Missions or Retreats?
176
The New Altruistic Leviathan Conclusion
215
Appendix
227
Notes
235
Manuscript Collections
259
Sources
261
Index
275
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About the author (2003)

Robert S. Fogarty is professor of history at Antioch College and editor of the The Antioch Review. A leading authority on American communes, he is the author of Dictionary of American Communal and Utopian History and The Righteous Remnant: The House of David, and the editor of The American Utopian Adventure (a nineteen-volume series).

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