All about Aloe and Ramie Fibres: Dye and Tanning Stuffs; Drugs, &c

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Ceylon Observer Press, 1890 - Agriculture - 113 pages
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Page 107 - Ramie planters to aim at the production of ribbo ns at a cost not exceeding about 42. or 52. at the port of shipment. Important elements in such production would be to plant Ramie only in places where the soil and climate will allow of three or four crops to be reaped per annum ; where labour is very cheap and abundant, and where good facilities exist for transport and shipment.
Page 5 - Ib. ; usually two men work together, one cutting down the stems and splitting them, while the other cleans the fibre. At the current rate of wages in 1879 one labourer's earnings were 7Jd. to 8d. per diem.
Page 75 - ... view of giving greater power to the Commission in enforcing its penal provisions. If immunity is secured from these demoralizing offenses, if the notorious and intolerable practices which the present law condemns are effectually dealt with, it will be through greater vigilance and more vigorous effort on the part of those who are charged with the duty of executing the criminal laws, aided, it may be, by enactments which tend to diminish the inducements to such transgressions."1 — p.
Page 107 - China grass," this is hand-cleaned fibre shipped usually from Chinese ports. It arrives in this country in small parcels, the yearly importation being only about 100 tons. It is nearly all taken up by continental buyers. Rhea is the term applied to machine-cleaned fibre, generally in the form of ribbons or half-cleaned stufl.
Page 27 - ... variety of products. The plants form impenetrable fences; the leaves furnish fibers of various qualities, from the fine thread known as pita-thread, which is used for twine, to the coarse fibers used for ropes and cables. Humboldt describes a bridge of upward of 130 feet span over the Chimbo in Quito, of which the main ropes (4 inches in diameter) were made of this fiber. It is also used for making paper. The juice, when the watery part is evaporated, forms a good soap (as detergent as castile),...
Page 5 - Usually two men work together, one cutting down the stems and splitting them while the other cleans the fibre. "At the current " value of hemp in 1879 one labourer's earnings were 7^d. to 8rf.
Page 96 - When the water had reached boiling point a crate containing 50 to 100 fresh stems was lowered into it (and depending on their age and character) left in it for 5 or 15 minutes. At the end of that time the crate was lifted out, the stems left to drain while another lot was put in. The stems already steeped were then taken up by a couple of workmen and quickly and effectually cleaned by hand. The action of the boiling water had apparently thoroughly loosened the attachment of the cortex to the wood,...
Page 96 - Only one process was shown. This was singularly simple, and consisted of steeping the fresh (or dry) stems for a short period in boiling water and removing the ribbons by hand. An open galvanised tank about 6 feet long, 2 feet wide, and about 4 feet deep, filled with water, was raised on bricks (or stones) about 18 inches from the ground over an open fire. When the water had reached boiling point a crate containing 50...

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