All the Power in the World
This bold and original work of philosophy presents an exciting new picture of concrete reality. Peter Unger provocatively breaks with what he terms the conservatism of present-day philosophy, and returns to central themes from Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Russell. Wiping the slate clean, Unger works, from the ground up, to formulate a new metaphysic capable of accommodating our distinctly human perspective. He proposes a world with inherently powerful particulars of two basic sorts: one mental but not physical, the other physical but not mental.
Whether of one sort or the other, each individual possesses powers for determining his or her own course, as well as powers for interaction with other individuals. It is only a purely mental particular--an immaterial soul, like yourself--that is ever fit for real choosing, or for conscious experiencing. Rigorously reasoning that the only satisfactory metaphysic is one that situates the physical alongside the non-physical, Unger carefully explains the genesis of, and continual interaction of, the two sides of our deeply dualistic world.
Written in an accessible and entertaining style, while advancing philosophical scholarship, All the Power in the World takes readers on a philosophical journey into the nature of reality. In this riveting intellectual adventure, Unger reveals the need for an entirely novel approach to the nature of physical reality--and shows how this approach can lead to wholly unexpected possibilities, including disembodied human existence for billions of years. All the Power in the World returns philosophy to its most ambitious roots in its fearless attempt to answer profoundly difficult human questions about ourselves and our world.
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The Mystery of the Physical
1 A Brief Exposition of the Scientiphical Metaphysic
2 Three Kinds of Basic Property and the Denial of Qualities
3 The Denial of Qualities Particles in Space and Spaces in a Plenum
4 When Limited by the Denial How to Conceive a Particles Propensities?
5 Can Particles Rotate but Not Plenumate Bubbles?
6 Simple Attempts at Clear Conception May Highlight Our Mystery
A Humanly Realistic Philosophy
9 Objective Probabilities Random Happenings and Real Choices
10 Can Inhering in a Field Help Us Have Real Choice?
11 Can an Infinitely Deep Hierarchy of Physical Powers Help Us Have Real Choice?
12 Radically Emergent Beings with a Radically Emergent Power to Choose
13 PhysicalandMental Complexes with a Radically Emergent Power to Choose
How Much a Side Issue?
15 Are Physically Effective Choosing Souls Compatible with Physical Conservation Laws?
16 Are Physically Effective Choosing Souls Compatible with Other Physical Principles?
2 We Are Differentially Responsive Individuals
3 Against Descartes We Are Intermittently Conscious Individuals
4 Our Realistic Response to Descartes Raises a Problem of Our Unconscious Quality
5 Against Humes Restriction Human Understanding Transcends Human Experience
6 We Are Experientially Varying Individuals
7 We Are Not Bundles of Experiences Thoughts or Perceptions
8 We Substantial Individuals Are More Basic Than Our Thoughts and Experiences
9 As We Communicate with Each Other We Are Reciprocal Interaction Partners
10 There Is Perplexity Concerning How We Commonly Communicate
11 Much of the World Interacts with Us but Doesnt Communicate with Us
12 We Often Choose What to Think About and Even What to Communicate
Demystifying the Physical
2 Spatially Extensible Qualities and Intelligible Propensities
3 Spatially Extensible Qualities Are Perfectly Pervasive Properties
4 Intelligible Physical Reality and a Principle of Constrained Contingency
7 Mutually Isolated Concrete Worlds and Distinct Eons of the Actual World
8 Mightnt the Recognized Physical Properties Just Be Spatially Extensible Qualities?
9 The Identity Theory of Qualities and Dispositions
10 A Limited Identity Theory?
11 Can There Be Spatially Extensible Yellow Entities That Arent Ever Propensitied?
12 Can an Extensible Blue Body Be Attracted by Concreta That Arent BlueAttractors?
13 Can an Extensible Blue Body Be Perceived to Be Extensible Blue?
14 We Consider an Antinomy of Spatially Extensible Quality
By Contrast with Hume
By Contrast with Lewis
17 What May We Learn from Our Demystification of the Physical?
18 Remarks on Whats Been Done and on Whats to Come
A Cornucopia of Quality
2 Our Power to Experience Promotes Our Conceiving Concrete Individuals
3 Our Power to Experience Visually Promotes Our Conceiving Concrete Spatial Things
4 Might Our Idea of Spatially Extensible Color Be Our Most Central Concept of Color?
5 Our Power to Experience Auditorally Cant Promote Such Full Spatial Conceiving
6 Might an Extensible Red Object Be Qualitatively Like an Experiential Red Subject?
7 The Great Range of Color for Spatially Extended Concreta
8 Contrasting Quality Families and a Sketchy Speculation
A Neglected Distinction
10 Is This Neglected Distinction Philosophically Significant?
11 Conscious Perceiving as an Aid to Fuller Conceiving
12 Full Conceiving of Concreta Is both Experiential and Intellectual
13 Extrapolating from the Highly Experiential in Conceiving Spatial Individuals
14 Conceiving Concrete All Qualitied Uniformly but Propensitied Quite Variously
15 Are Felt Bodily Qualities Well Suited to Conceiving Nonmental Individuals?
16 How Well Do We Conceive Insensate Bodies as Pervaded with Tactile Qualities?
17 Extensible Qualities Experiential Qualities and Powers to Affect Experientially
18 Why Our Idea of Spatially Extensible Color May Be Our Most Central Idea of Color
19 We Focus on Substantive Metaphysics Not Natural Languages or Conceptual Relations
A Plenitude of Power
2 Powerdirected Powers Propensities with Respect to Propensities
3 Powerdirected Powers May Distinctively Distinguish among Other Powers
4 Propensity Possibility Accident and Probability
5 Powerdirected Powers and Probabilistic Propensities of Very Low Degree
6 Powers Are Nonconditional Including Powers to Acquire and Lose Other Powers
7 Standard Scientific Thinking and Generalistically directed Propensities
8 Individualisticallydirected Propensities
9 Individualisticallydirected Propensities and Cartesian Dualism
10 Individualistic Propensities and the Intellectual Aspect of Our Conceiving
A Special Case of Individualisticallydirected Propensities
12 A Humans Selfdirected Propensities with Respect to Her Own Experiencing
13 Can There Be Any Concrete Entities That Arent Ever Propensitied?
14 Scientiphicalism Selfdirected Propensity and Experiential Awareness
15 Temporal Monotony and Temporal Change
16 Propensity for Monotony and Propensity for Change
17 Possibility Accident Probability and Selfdirected Propensity
18 Basic Concrete Propensity for Annihilation and Propensity for Continuation
The Basis of Stable Monotony
A Good LongTerm Investment for Substantial Dualists?
21 The Confused Idea of a Worlds Default Setting
22 Time without Change
23 Do Our Reciprocal Propensity Partners Present a Cosmic Miracle?
Is Free Will Compatible with Scientiphicalism?
1 A Few Points about Real Choice
Not an Urgent Issue
3 A Widely Disturbing Argument Presents a More Urgent Issue
4 Real Choice Free Will Is Incompatible with Inevitabilism Determinism
5 Is Real Choice Incompatible with the Denial of Inevitabilism?
6 Our Scientiphical Metaphysic and the Currently Dominant Conception of Ourselves
7 Simple Physical Entities and Their Basic Properties
8 Reciprocal Propensities and Physical Laws
17 Radically Selfdirected Power
18 An Exemption from Natural Law Is Required for Real Choice
19 The Real Reason Why an Exemption from Natural Law Is Required for Real Choice
20 Apparent Scientiphical Incompatibilisms and Further Philosophical Explorations
Why We Really May Be Immaterial Souls
1 Recalling the Problem of the Many
2 A Couple of Comments on That Comparatively Uninteresting Problem
3 The Experiential Problem of the Many
4 How the Singularity of Experiencing May Favor Substantial Dualism
5 Many Overlapping Experiencers but Only One of Them Now Experiencing?
6 Some Cases of Singular Causal Resolution
7 An Immaterial Experiencers Causally Resolved Singularity Is a Relevant Singularity
8 These Are Metaphysical Matters Transcending All Purely Semantic Issues
On Complex Complexes
10 Problems of Propensitively Redundant Propensitive Contributors
11 Our Experiential Problem Doesnt Presuppose Any Suspicious Identifications
12 The Problem of Too Many Real Choosers
13 Wholly Immaterial Souls Favored over Emergentist PhysicalandMental Complexes
14 A Singular Physical Manifestation of Many Choosers Powers to Choose?
15 Do These Problems Favor Substantial Dualism over Its Most Salient Alternatives?
16 Some Less Salient Options to a QuasiCartesian Substantial Dualism
17 Arent Immaterial Souls Really Just Eliminable Middlemen?
18 Wholly Immaterial Souls Are Generated Abruptly Not Gradually
19 Our Own Souls and the Wholly Immaterial Souls of Nonhuman Animals
20 Metaphysically Material Ruminations about Extraordinarily Different Gestations
Might All Souls Be Equally Powerful Individuals?
22 Bodily Flexibility as Regards Individualistically directed Soulful Propensity
23 Taking Stock and Moving On
Beyond Discriminative Vagueness Safe from Nihilistic Sorites
Why We May Become Disembodied But To No Avail
1 Why We May Become Disembodied Souls with the Deaths of Our Brains and Bodies
2 Even While You May Be an Immaterial Soul Are You Really an Existential OTHERON?
3 Immaterial OTHERONS Are Just as Problematic as Material OTHERONS
4 Metaphysical Asymmetries and Further Forms of Substantial Dualism
5 Some Questions about Disembodiment and about Reincarnation
6 Prospects for Disembodiment
7 Even If We Disembodied Souls Last for Eons What Are Our Prospects for Experiencing?
8 What Are Our Prospects for Reincarnation?
9 The Question of Disembodied Souls and the Question of an Almighty Creator
10 Why Our LongTerm Prospects May Be Very Bleak Prospects
The Problem of Our Unconscious Quality
1 Physical Objects Aptly Qualitied Experiencers Differently Qualitied Just as Aptly
2 Every Individual Is Qualitied Including You and Me
3 We Reconsider the Problem of Our Unconscious Quality
4 We Notice How Descartes Heroically Denies This Problem
5 A QuasiHumean Substantial Dualist May Heroically Deny the Problem
6 A Compositist Substantial Dualist May Similarly Deny the Problem
7 Will Unconscious Experiential Quality Provide a Less Heroic Dualistic Answer?
8 How Fully May Dualists Offer a Speculative Answer to the Problem?
How Rich is Concrete Reality?
1 Sameness and Difference of Concrete Individuals
2 Conceiving Nonspatial Simultaneous Souls Always Precisely Alike
Even If Just Modestly Grasped It Might Be True
Even If Just Modestly Grasped It Also Might Be True
5 Substantial Individuals and Our Conceptions as to Such Concrete Particulars
6 We Prepare an Analogy between the Properly Spatial and the Relevantly Spacelike
An Analogical Speculation
An Apparent Alternative
9 An Hypothesized Dimension Far More Like Space Than Like Time
10 Our Fullest Conceptions of Spatial Bodies
11 An Analogical Conception of Nonspatial Souls
12 Our Hypothesis Allows More Fully Conceivable Substantial Dualist Views
Integrated and Nonintegrated Dimensions
14 How Might We Nonspatial Souls Precede Even Our Initial Physical Embodiment?
15 Do Immaterial Souls Ever Change Propensitively?
A Constitutional View of Souls
17 Drawbacks of This Constitutional View
18 Fusional Dualism
19 Our Hypothesized Dualism and the Mental Problems of the Many
20 Our Hypothesized Dualism and the Problem of Our Unconscious Quality
21 Recalling and Addressing the Question of Nicely Matched Propensity Partners
22 Our Hypothesized Dualism and the Question of Nicely Matched Propensity Partners
23 Does Our Hypothesized Dualism Make My Current Quality Too Inaccessible?
24 Two Cartesian Arguments for Some Spacelikely Substantial Dualism
25 Is Realitys Temporal Aspect Uniquely Distinctive?
26 Why Are Our Concrete Conceptions of Such Limited Variety?
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